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Dogecoin Price Prediction with Machine Learning

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  • Last Updated : 21 Nov, 2022
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Dogecoin is a cryptocurrency, like Ethereum or Bitcoin — despite the fact that it’s totally different than both of these famous coins. Dogecoin was initially made to some extent as a joke for crypto devotees and took its name from a previously well-known meme.

In this article, we will be implementing a machine learning model which can predict the pattern or forecast the price of the coin in the upcoming days. Let us now move toward the implementation of price prediction.

Importing Libraries and Dataset

Python libraries make it easy for us to handle the data and perform typical and complex tasks with a single line of code.

  • Pandas – This library helps to load the data frame in a 2D array format and has multiple functions to perform analysis tasks in one go.
  • Numpy – Numpy arrays are very fast and can perform large computations in a very short time.
  • Matplotlib/Seaborn – This library is used to draw visualizations.

Python3




import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import seaborn as sns
from sklearn.ensemble import RandomForestRegressor

Now let us load the dataset in the panda’s data frame. One can download the CSV file from here.

Python3




data = pd.read_csv("DOGE-USD.csv")
data.head()

Output:

Dogecoin Price Prediction with Machine Learning

 

Now, let’s check the correlation

Python3




data.corr()

Output:

 

Converting the string date & time in proper date & time format with the help of pandas. After that check is there any null value is present or not.

Python3




data['Date'] = pd.to_datetime(data['Date'],
                              infer_datetime_format=True)
data.set_index('Date', inplace=True)
  
data.isnull().any()

Output:

Open         True
High         True
Low          True
Close        True
Adj Close    True
Volume       True
dtype: bool

Now, let’s check for the presence of null values in the dataset.

Python3




data.isnull().sum()

Output:

Open         1
High         1
Low          1
Close        1
Adj Close    1
Volume       1
dtype: int64

Dropping those missing values so that we do not have any errors while analyzing.

Python3




data = data.dropna()

Now, check the statistical analysis of the data using describe() method.

Python3




data.describe()

Output:

 

Now, firstly we will analyze the closing price as we need it to perform the prediction.

Python3




plt.figure(figsize=(20, 7))
x = data.groupby('Date')['Close'].mean()
x.plot(linewidth=2.5, color='b')
plt.xlabel('Date')
plt.ylabel('Volume')
plt.title("Date vs Close of 2021")

Output:

Dogecoin Price Prediction with Machine Learning

 

The column ‘Close’ is our predicted feature. We are taking different factors from the predefined factors for our own calculation and naming them suitably. Also, we are checking each factor while correlating with the ‘Close’ column while sorting it in descending order.

Python3




data["gap"] = (data["High"] - data["Low"]) * data["Volume"]
data["y"] = data["High"] / data["Volume"]
data["z"] = data["Low"] / data["Volume"]
data["a"] = data["High"] / data["Low"]
data["b"] = (data["High"] / data["Low"]) * data["Volume"]
abs(data.corr()["Close"].sort_values(ascending=False))

Output:

Close        1.000000
Adj Close    1.000000
High         0.995104
Low          0.994575
Open         0.992514
Volume       0.588678
b            0.456479
gap          0.383333
a            0.172057
z            0.063251
y            0.063868
Name: Close, dtype: float64

By, observing the correlating factors, we can choose a few of them. We are excluding High, Low, and Open as they are highly correlated from the beginning.

Python3




data = data[["Close", "Volume", "gap", "a", "b"]]
data.head()

Output:

Dogecoin Price Prediction with Machine Learning

 

Introducing the ARIMA model for Time Series Analysis. ARIMA stands for autoregressive integrated moving average model and is specified by three order parameters: (p, d, q) where AR stands for Autoregression i.e. p, I stands for Integration i.e. d, MA stands for Moving Average i.e. q. Whereas, SARIMAX is Seasonal ARIMA with exogenous variables.

Python3




df2 = data.tail(30)
train = df2[:11]
test = df2[-19:]
  
print(train.shape, test.shape)

Output:

(11, 5) (19, 5)

The shape of the train is (11, 5), and the test is (19, 5). Let’s implement the SARIMAX model and see the results.

Model Development

Python3




from statsmodels.tsa.statespace.sarimax import SARIMAX
model = SARIMAX(endog=train["Close"], exog=train.drop(
    "Close", axis=1), order=(2, 1, 1))
results = model.fit()
print(results.summary())

Output:

Dogecoin Price Prediction with Machine Learning

 

Now, observe the prediction in time series.

Python3




start = 11
end = 29
predictions = results.predict(
    start=start,
    end=end,
    exog=test.drop("Close", axis=1))
predictions

Output:

 

Finally, plot the prediction to get a visualization.

Python3




test["Close"].plot(legend=True, figsize=(12, 6))
predictions.plot(label='TimeSeries', legend=True)

Output:

Dogecoin Price Prediction with Machine Learning

 


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