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Docker – LABEL Instruction

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Labels are used in Dockerfile to help organize your Docker Images. Labels are key-value pairs and simply adds custom metadata to your Docker Images. Some key points associated with the LABEL instructions are as follows:

  • To include spaces inside a label, you can use quotes.
  • For multi line labels, you can use backslashes.
  • You can use more than one labels in a Docker Image.
  • Docker allows you to specify multiple labels in a single line.
  • Labels from parent Images are inherited to your Image.
  • If labels with same names exist even though they have different values, the last one overrides.

General syntax of LABEL instruction is as follows:

Syntax: LABEL <key-string>=<value-string> <key-string>=<value-string> ...

In this article, we will look at different ways to use Label instruction through a simple example. To do so follow the below steps:

Step 1: Create the Dockerfile with LABEL instruction

Look at the template for the Dockerfile below:

FROM ubuntu:latest
LABEL ""="geeksforgeeks website"
LABEL "website.tutorial-name"="docker"
LABEL website="geeksforgeeks"
LABEL desc="This is docker tutorial with \
geeksforgeeks website"
LABEL tutorial1="Docker" tutorial2="LABEL INSTRUCTION"

In the above Dockerfile, we have shown different ways to use LABEL instruction.

Step 2: Build the Image and Run the Container

sudo docker build -t label-demo .

building image & running container

sudo docker run -it label-demo bash

running container

Step 3: Check the Labels 

To check the labels of a particular Image, you can use the Docker Inspect command.

Start the Docker Container.

sudo docker start <container-id>

check labels

Execute the Inspect Command.

sudo docker inspect <container-id>

inspect command

Inside the LABELS object, you can find all the labels associated with the image that you have specified inside your Dockerfile.

all available labels

To conclude, in this article, we discussed how to use the LABEL instruction in your Dockerfile and create your Image. We also saw the different ways using which you can specify the LABEL Instruction. Finally, we built and ran the Docker Image and Inspected the Container.

Last Updated : 28 Oct, 2020
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