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Display Computation in COBOL

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  • Last Updated : 02 Aug, 2022
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DISPLAY is the most common form of internal data representation. DISPLAY stores in decimal form. Each character of the data will represent one byte of storage. If there is no usage clause for data items, then by default it will come under DISPLAY. 

DISPLAY can be used for all types namely Numeric data types, Alphabetic data types, and Alpha-Numeric data types.

Syntax:

   DISPLAY  NUMERIC/ALPHABETIC   

  • Numeric:     Represents all types of numerical variables and program values or results/outputs.
  • Alphabetic: Represents String/texts, and special characters to explain or simplify the program to make it understandable to all.

Example Of Alphabetic Representation:

DISPLAY "ADDITION RESULTS: "  

Example Of Numeric Representation:

DISPLAY  WS-VARIABLE1          

Example Of Alpha-Numeric Representation:

DISPLAY  "RESULTS OF "    
WS-VAR1  "AND"   WS-VAR2  
 "IS"  WS-RESULT

Example:

Cobol




Cobol program for Display Computation.
IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
PROGRAM-ID. Displays-Example.
DATA DIVISION.
    WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
    01 WS-NUM01 PIC S9(4)V99.
    01 WS-NUM02 PIC S9(4)V99.
    01 WS-VAR01 PIC 9(4)V99.
    01 WS-VAR02 PIC 9(4)V99.
    01 WS-RESULT PIC S9(5)V99 COMP.
    01 WS-RES01 PIC -ZZZ9.99.
    01 WS-RES02 PIC -ZZZ9.99.
    01 WS-RES03 PIC -ZZZ9.99.
    01 WS-RES04 PIC -ZZZ9.99.
    01 WS-VAR05 PIC -ZZZ9.99.
    01 WS-VAR06 PIC -ZZZ9.99.
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
    SET WS-NUM01 TO 30.
    SET WS-NUM02 TO 25.
MAIN-PARA.
    DISPLAY 'VALUE 1 : ' WS-NUM01.
    DISPLAY 'VALUE 2 : ' WS-NUM02.
    MOVE WS-NUM01 TO WS-VAR01.
    MOVE WS-NUM02 TO WS-VAR02.
    MOVE WS-NUM01 TO WS-VAR05.
    MOVE WS-NUM02 TO WS-VAR06.
    PERFORM ADDITION-PARA.
    STOP RUN.
ADDITION-PARA.
    ADD WS-VAR01 WS-VAR02 GIVING WS-RESULT.
    MOVE WS-RESULT TO WS-RES01.
    PERFORM SUBTRACTION-PARA.
SUBTRACTION-PARA.
    SUBTRACT WS-VAR02 FROM WS-VAR01 GIVING WS-RESULT.
    MOVE WS-RESULT TO WS-RES02
    PERFORM MULTIPLICATION-PARA.
MULTIPLICATION-PARA.
    MULTIPLY WS-VAR01 BY WS-VAR02 GIVING WS-RESULT.
    MOVE WS-RESULT TO WS-RES03.
    PERFORM DIVISION-PARA.
DIVISION-PARA.
    DIVIDE WS-VAR01 BY WS-VAR02 GIVING WS-RESULT.
    MOVE WS-RESULT TO WS-RES04.
    PERFORM RESULT-PARA.
RESULT-PARA.
    DISPLAY 'ADDITION RESULT OF : '.
    DISPLAY WS-VAR05 ' +' WS-VAR06 ' = 'WS-RES01.
    DISPLAY 'SUBTRACTION RESULT OF : '.
    DISPLAY WS-VAR05 ' -' WS-VAR06 ' = 'WS-RES02.
    DISPLAY 'MULTIPLICATION  RESULT OF: '.
    DISPLAY WS-VAR05 ' *' WS-VAR06 ' = 'WS-RES03.
    DISPLAY 'DIVISION RESULT OF : '.
    DISPLAY WS-VAR05 ' /' WS-VAR06 ' = 'WS-RES04.

Output:

 

Explanation: 

In this program, we are taking the two variables for all operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Then we are displaying the proper heading using the DISPLAY keyword and also display the numerical results of the operation. We also tried to maintain proper code formatting using DISPLAY which helps to provide output in an understandable format.


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