We use Python assignment statements to assign objects to names. The target of an assignment statement is written on the left side of the equal sign (=), and the object on the right can be an arbitrary expression that computes an object.
There are some important properties of assignment in Python :-
- Assignment creates object references instead of copying the objects.
- Python creates a variable name the first time when they are assigned a value.
- Names must be assigned before being referenced.
- There are some operations that perform assignments implicitly.
Assignment statement forms :-
1. Basic form:
This form is the most common form.
2. Tuple assignment:
x = 50 y = 100
When we code a tuple on the left side of the =, Python pairs objects on the right side with targets on the left by position and assigns them from left to right. Therefore, the values of x and y are 50 and 100 respectively.
3. List assignment:
This works in the same way as the tuple assignment.
x = 2 y = 4
4. Sequence assignment:
In recent version of Python, tuple and list assignment have been generalized into instances of what we now call sequence assignment – any sequence of names can be assigned to any sequence of values, and Python assigns the items one at a time by position.
a = H b = E c = Y
5. Extended Sequence unpacking:
It allows us to be more flexible in how we select portions of a sequence to assign.
Here, p is matched with the first character in the string on the right and q with the rest. The starred name (*q) is assigned a list, which collects all items in the sequence not assigned to other names.
p = H q = ['e', 'l', 'l', 'o']
This is especially handy for a common coding pattern such as splitting a sequence and accessing its front and rest part.
Winner: A Runner ups: B, C, D
6. Multiple- target assignment:
In this form, Python assigns a reference to the same object (the object which is rightmost) to all the target on the left.
7. Augmented assignment :
The augmented assignment is a shorthand assignment that combines an expression and an assignment.
There are several other augmented assignment forms:
-=, **=, &=, etc.
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