Difference between strncmp() and strcmp in C/C++
The basic difference between these two are :
- strcmp compares both the strings till null-character of either string comes whereas strncmp compares at most num characters of both strings. But if num is equal to the length of either string than strncmp behaves similar to strcmp.
- Problem with strcmp function is that if both of the strings passed in the argument is not terminated by null-character, then comparison of characters continues till the system crashes. But with strncmp function we can limit the comparison with num parameter.
When pass str1 and str2 as parameters to strcmp() function, it compares both the strings character by character till null-character(‘\0’). In our case, upto character ‘s’ both the strings remain same but after that str1 has character ‘h’ having ASCII value 104 and str2 has null-character having ASCII value 0. Since the ASCII value of str1 character is greater than ASCII value of str2 character, so strcmp() function returns value greater than zero. Hence, string str1 is greater than string str2 in strcmp() function.
When pass these parameters in strncmp() function with the 3rd parameter num upto which want to compare strings then it compares both the strings character by character till num(if num <= length of smallest string) or till null character of smallest string. In our case, both the strings have same character upto num, so strncmp() function returns value zero. Hence, string str1 is equal to string str2 in strncmp() function.
str1 is equal to str2 upto num characters Value returned by strncmp() is: 0 str1 is greater than str2 Value returned by strcmp() is: 104
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