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Difference between float and double in C/C++
• Difficulty Level : Easy
• Last Updated : 26 Apr, 2018

For representing floating point numbers, we use float, double and long double.

What’s the difference ?

double has 2x more precision then float.

float is a 32 bit IEEE 754 single precision Floating Point Number1 bit for the sign, (8 bits for the exponent, and 23* for the value), i.e. float has 7 decimal digits of precision.

double is a 64 bit IEEE 754 double precision Floating Point Number (1 bit for the sign, 11 bits for the exponent, and 52* bits for the value), i.e. double has 15 decimal digits of precision.

Let’s take a example(example taken from here) :
For a quadratic equation x2 – 4.0000000 x + 3.9999999 = 0, the exact roots to 10 significant digits are, r1 = 2.000316228 and r2 = 1.999683772

 `// C program to demonstrate ``// double and float precision values`` ` `#include ``#include `` ` `// utility function which calculate roots of ``// quadratic equation using double values``void` `double_solve(``double` `a, ``double` `b, ``double` `c){``    ``double` `d = b*b - 4.0*a*c;``    ``double` `sd = ``sqrt``(d);``    ``double` `r1 = (-b + sd) / (2.0*a);``    ``double` `r2 = (-b - sd) / (2.0*a);``    ``printf``(``"%.5f\t%.5f\n"``, r1, r2);``}`` ` `// utility function which calculate roots of ``// quadratic equation using float values``void` `float_solve(``float` `a, ``float` `b, ``float` `c){``    ``float` `d = b*b - 4.0f*a*c;``    ``float` `sd = sqrtf(d);``    ``float` `r1 = (-b + sd) / (2.0f*a);``    ``float` `r2 = (-b - sd) / (2.0f*a);``    ``printf``(``"%.5f\t%.5f\n"``, r1, r2);``}   `` ` `// driver program``int` `main(){``    ``float` `fa = 1.0f;``    ``float` `fb = -4.0000000f;``    ``float` `fc = 3.9999999f;``    ``double` `da = 1.0;``    ``double` `db = -4.0000000;``    ``double` `dc = 3.9999999;`` ` `    ``printf``(``"roots of equation x2 - 4.0000000 x + 3.9999999 = 0 are : \n"``);``    ``printf``(``"for float values: \n"``);``    ``float_solve(fa, fb, fc);`` ` `    ``printf``(``"for double values: \n"``);``    ``double_solve(da, db, dc);``    ``return` `0;``}  `

Output:

```roots of equation x2 - 4.0000000 x + 3.9999999 = 0 are :
for float values:
2.00000    2.00000
for double values:
2.00032    1.99968
```

This article is contributed by Mandeep Singh. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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