Difference between Token ring and Ethernet
1. Token Ring :
In the token ring a token ring passes over a physical ring. Token ring is defined by IEEE 802.5 standard. In token ring, there is a station and a special frame called token. A station in token ring can transmit data frame if it contains a token. After the successful transmission of data frame token are pointed(issued). Token ring is a Star shaped topology and handles priority in which some nodes may give priority to the token.
2. Ethernet :
IEEE 802.3 defines the Ethernet. It uses CSMA/CD mechanism. It means that if many stations exist at the same time to talk, all stations will be closed. To resume them, wait for a random time. Unlike token ring it doesn’t employ any priorities. And it is less costly than token ring network.
Let’s see the difference between the token ring and Ethernet:-
|S. No.||TOKEN RING||ETHERNET|
|1.||In the token ring, the token passing mechanism is used.||While Ethernet uses CSMA/CD(Carrier-Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection) mechanism.|
|2.||Token ring is defined by IEEE 802.5 standard.||Whereas Ethernet is defined by IEEE 802.3 standard.|
|3.||Token ring is deterministic.||While it is non-deterministic.|
|4.||A token ring is a Star shaped topology.||While Ethernet is a Bus shaped topology.|
|5.||The token ring handles priority in which some nodes may give priority to the token.||While Ethernet does not employ priority.|
|6.||Token ring costs more than Ethernet.||While Ethernet cost seventy percent less than token ring.|
|7.||In the token ring telephone wire is used.||While in Ethernet coaxial cable(wire) is used.|
|8.||The token ring contains routing information.||While Ethernet does not contain routing information.|
|9.||The transmission speed of token ring is slower (generally operates at 4 Mbps to 16 Mbps).||Its transmission speed is faster (generally operates at 10 Mbps to up to 100 Mbps).|
|10.||In token ring, flow of data is unidirectional as data is passed from one workstation to another only when the token is received by the workstation.||In Ethernet, no such directional flow of data takes place. Instead, data frames can be transmitted by any of the workstation if the network is idle.|
|11.||Token ring uses a token passing system so only 1 workstation is active at a time.||Ethernet uses CSMA/CD so here more than one workstation stays active at a time.|
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