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Difference between TELNET and FTP

Last Updated : 19 Jan, 2023
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TELNET (TELecommunication NETwork) and FTP (File Transfer Protocol) both are the application layer protocol. They are connection oriented protocols as they create a connection between remote host and a server. 


This software links personal computer to a network server and converts  data into the plain text. Basically, it is used for remote login for a system. It makes modifications and control of the server easier.


FTP is used for transferring of web pages and used for downloading the files from other different servers. Basically, it is used for transferring the files from one system to another system more reliably and efficiently.

There are some differences between TELNET and FTP which are given below: 

1. TELNET stands for TELecommunication NETwork. FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol.
2. TELNET is used to access command line interface of a remote server. FTP is used for uploading & downloading the files.
3.  TELNET uses port 23.  FTP uses ports 20 and 21.
4. TELNET uses only one connection. FTP establish two connections, one is for control command and another is for data transfer.
5. Remote Login is necessary in TELNET. Remote Login is not necessary in FTP.
6. It does not provide high security, it provides only general security. It provides high security than TELNET.
7. It is used for remote login into a system. It is used for transferring the files from one system to another system.
8. It is a connection oriented protocol. It is also a connection oriented protocol.
9. Telnet is mainly used for translating NVT from data and converting it to the acknowledged form. While FTP is mainly used for transferring of data between client and server. 
10. TELNET has become more or less outdated. FTP is a popular tool.
11. TELNET is not as widely used for web diagnostics.  FTP is used for uploading and downloading web files.

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