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Difference between System Software and Operating System

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 15 Jun, 2022
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1. System Software: 

System software is a type of computer program that is designed to run a computer’s hardware and application programs it controls a computer’s internal functioning, chiefly through an operating system. It also controls peripherals devices such as monitors, printers, and storage devices. 

2. Operating System: 

An operating system or OS is system software that manages computer hardware, and software resources, and provides common services for computer programs. All operating systems are system software. Every desktop computer, tablet, and smartphone includes an operating system that provides basic functionality for the device.

Difference between System Software and Operating System :

S. No.System SoftwareOperating System
1.The software which manages the resources and makes the interaction between a user and machine possible is system software.An operating system is a software that communicates with your computer hardware and provides a place to run the application.
2.System software manages the system.Operating System manages system as well as system software.

Types of System Software-

  • Operating Systems- MS Windows, Mac OS, Linux, etc.
  • Device Drivers- Display drivers, USB drivers, etc.
  • Firmware- BIOS, Embedded Systems, etc.
  • Language Translators- Compiler, Interpreter, Assembler
  • Utility- Antivirus software, WinRAR, etc.

Types of Operating System-

  • Batch Operating System
  • Multiprocessing Operating System
  • Multiprogramming Operating System
  • Multi Tasking Operating System
  • Time Sharing Operating System
  • Real-Time Operating System
  • Distributed Operating System
  • Network Operating System
4.It’s run only when required.It runs all the time.
5.It loads in the main memory whenever required. It resides in the main memory all the time while the system is on.
6.It is loaded by the operating system.It resides in the main memory all the time while the system is on.
7.Examples of system software are MacOS, Android, and Microsoft windows.Examples of OS are Windows, OS X, and Linux.
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