Ring counter is a type of counter composed of flip-flops connected into a shift register. It is of two types:
1. Straight Ring Counter :
Straight ring counter is a type of ring counter in which the output of the last flip-flop is connected to the input of the first flip-flip. It circulates a single ‘0’ or ‘1’ bit around the ring.
2. Twisted Ring Counter :
Twisted ring counter is a types of ring counter in which the complement of output of the last shift register is connected to the input of the first register. It circulates a stream of 1s followed by 0s around the ring.
Difference between Straight and Twisted Ring Counter:
|STRAIGHT RING COUNTER||TWISTED RING COUNTER|
|It connects the output of the last shift register to the input of first shift register.||It connects the complement of output of the last shift register to the input of the first register.|
|It is known as One hot counter.||It is known as Walking ring counter.|
|It circulates a single bit (0 or 1) around the ring.||It circulates stream of 1 followed by stream of 0.|
|PRESET is used in first shift register.||PRESET is not used in twisted ring counter.|
|CLEAR is used for last (n-1) flip-flops.||CLEAR is used for all flip-flips in it.|
|It is used in successive approximation and stepper motor control.||It is used in phase shift or function generator.|
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