Difference Between Stateless and Stateful Widget in Flutter

As we all know the flutter app consists of widgets only, these are broadly classified into two types: 

  1. Stateless Widget
  2. Stateful Widget

Stateless Widget:

 Stateless widgets are the widgets that don’t change i.e. they are immutable. Its appearance and properties remain unchanged throughout the lifetime of the widget. In simple words, Stateless widgets cannot change their state during the runtime of the app, which means the widgets cannot be redrawn while the app is in action. 
Examples: Icon, IconButton, and Text are examples of stateless widgets. 
To create a Stateless widget, we have to override the build() method as implemented in the code below. 
 

Dart

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import 'package:flutter/material.dart'
void main() = > runApp(GeeksforGeeks())
  
  
class GeeksforGeeks extends StatelessWidget {
    @override Widget build(BuildContext context)
    {return MaterialApp(
        home: Scaffold(
            backgroundColor: Colors.grey,
            appBar: AppBar(backgroundColor: Colors.green,
                           title: Text("GeeksforGeeks"), ),
            body: Container(child: Center(child: Text("Stateless Widget"),
                                          ),
                            ),
        ),
    )
    }}

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Output : 
 



Stateful Widget: 

Stateful Widgets are the ones that change its properties during run-time. They are dynamic i.e., they are mutable and can be drawn multiple times within its lifetime. It can change its appearance in response to events triggered by user interactions or when it receives data. 
Examples : Checkbox, Radio Button, Slider, InkWell, Form, and TextField are examples of Stateful widgets. 
To create a Stateful widget, we have to override the createState() method, which returns the state of the widget. 
 

Dart

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import 'package:flutter/material.dart'
void main() = > runApp(MyApp())
  
  
class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override Widget build(BuildContext context)
  {return MaterialApp(theme: ThemeData(
    primarySwatch: Colors.green, ),
                      home: MyHomePage(title: 'GeeksforGeeks'),
                     )}}
class MyHomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  MyHomePage({Key key, this.title}): super(key: key)

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Output : 
 

Differences Between Stateless and Stateful Widget: 

Stateless Widget:

  • Stateless Widgets are static widgets.
  • They do not depend on any data change or any behavior change.
  • Stateless Widgets do not have a state, they will be rendered once and will not update themselves, but will only be updated when external data changes.
  • For Example: Text, Icon, RaisedButton are Stateless Widgets. 
     

Stateful Widget:

  • Stateful Widgets are dynamic widgets.
  • They can be updated during runtime based on user action or data change.
  • Stateful Widgets have an internal state and can re-render if the input data changes or if Widget’s state changes.
  • For Example: Checkbox, Radio Button, Slider are Stateful Widgets



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