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Difference between Software and Firmware

  • Last Updated : 07 Dec, 2020

1. Software :
Software, as name suggest, is simply a collection of set of programs, procedures, data or instruction used by a computer to perform specific tasks and allows user to interact with computer.

2. Firmware :
Firmware, as name suggests, is simply a a type of software program on hardware device that provides control for a specific hardware and provide essential instructions how device communicate with various other computer hardware.

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Difference between Software and Firmware :

SoftwareFirmware
Software’s are generally set of instructions to instruct computer.Firmware’s are generally a type of software used to control hardware devices.
Various categories of software includes application software, computer programming tools, etc.There are no such categories of firmware.
Types of software includes application software, shareware, system software, etc.Types of firmware includes BIOS, EFI (Extensible Firmware Interface), etc.
Size of software is very big and generally ranges between hundred kilobytes (Kb) to few gigabytes (Gb).Size of firmware is very small and generally ranges between few kilobytes (Kb).
Software’s are usually developed using both low level languages and high level languages such as java.Firmware’s are usually developed using low level languages.
Software’s cannot be a firmware.Firmware can be a software.
Updating of software’s are very easier.Updating of firmware’s are usually difficult.
Software’s are designed for user interaction.Firmware are not designed for user interaction and are instead hidden on device.
Software usually run of CPU and main processors.Firmware does not run on CPU, instead runs on smaller processors.
It can be changed constantly.It is rarely changed.
Features of software includes efficiency, usability, functionality, dependability, etc.Features of firmware includes perfect rotation counter support, floating point variable, perform all control, etc.
It requires more time to create software than firmware.It requires less time to create firmware than software.

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