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Difference between RPA and Selenium
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 17 Jul, 2020

RPA: Business automation technology that helps in automating the respective tasks, which are time consuming and boring. They are capable to automates the processes without human intervention. It automates the processes without human intervention. Software and bots are used to mimic human activities and perform the desired task. Commonly it is used to automate the backend processes.

Selenium: Selenium is an automation tool that is used to automate the browser. It is a framework that is used for testing web applications. It is an umbrella project that can automate the web browser. It supports different types of web browsers such as Firefox, Chrome, etc. Selenium is available for Python, JavaScript, and few other languages. Selenium when used with Appium also supports testing for mobile devices.


Below is a table of differences between RPA and Selenium:

Types of AutomationRobotic Process automation supports Flexible AutomationSelenium supports programmable automation
CostIf we want to build a project in RPA we have to purchase its tools. So RPA is costly compare to seleniumSelenium is completely open-source so it’s free.
DependencyRPA is platform-independent. It can be run on mobile, desktop, web-applicationsSelenium is used to test only web applications. o It can’t be run on a desktop or mobile application.
Component UsedRPA uses ROBOTS to complete any taskSelenium used WEB-DERIVERS to automate any task
Level of AutomationRPA performs all clerical processes like data entry, Banking calculationSelenium automates only functional, regression and performance testing
Will AutomateWeb Application testingBusiness Proceses
Coding-KnowledgeMinimum coding knowledge is requiredFundamental knowledge is required
Use-CaseRun on the backend of a processCan test the current webpage
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