Difference between RPA and Selenium

RPA: Business automation technology that helps in automating the respective tasks, which are time consuming and boring. They are capable to automates the processes without human intervention. It automates the processes without human intervention. Software and bots are used to mimic human activities and perform the desired task. Commonly it is used to automate the backend processes.

Selenium: Selenium is an automation tool that is used to automate the browser. It is a framework that is used for testing web applications. It is an umbrella project that can automate the web browser. It supports different types of web browsers such as Firefox, Chrome, etc. Selenium is available for Python, JavaScript, and few other languages. Selenium when used with Appium also supports testing for mobile devices.


Below is a table of differences between RPA and Selenium:

Types of Automation Robotic Process automation supports Flexible Automation Selenium supports programmable automation
Cost If we want to build a project in RPA we have to purchase its tools. So RPA is costly compare to selenium Selenium is completely open-source so it’s free.
Dependency RPA is platform-independent. It can be run on mobile, desktop, web-applications Selenium is used to test only web applications. o It can’t be run on a desktop or mobile application.
Component Used RPA uses ROBOTS to complete any task Selenium used WEB-DERIVERS to automate any task
Level of Automation RPA performs all clerical processes like data entry, Banking calculation Selenium automates only functional, regression and performance testing
Will Automate Web Application testing Business Proceses
Coding-Knowledge Minimum coding knowledge is required Fundamental knowledge is required
Use-Case Run on the backend of a process Can test the current webpage
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