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Difference between Recruitment and Selection

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  • Last Updated : 17 Aug, 2022
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The process of searching for appropriate employees and encouraging them to apply for jobs is known as Recruitment. The main objective of recruitment is to attract personnel with the required qualifications for the jobs. It is a positive process as it attracts people to apply for jobs. It proceeds with the selection process and creates a pool of candidates so that organisations can select the most suitable candidate. Organisations communicate the vacancy in an organisation by various sources of recruitment. It aims to serve two functions: i) To discover various sources of manpower; ii) To create a pool of applicants. Internal and External are the two sources of recruitment.

The process of identifying and choosing the best person out of a number of prospective candidates for a job is known as Selection. Here, various steps are performed to eliminate the unsuitable candidates and to select the most suitable candidate out of the pool created by the recruitment process. Selection includes various steps, and at every step, candidates are eliminated until the right candidate is found. It is called a negative process because more candidates are eliminated than employed. 

Difference between Recruitment and Selection:

Basis

Recruitment

Selection

MeaningThe process of searching for appropriate employees and encouraging them to apply for jobs is known as Recruitment.The process of identifying and choosing the best person out of a number of prospective candidates for a job is known as Selection. 
NatureIt is a positive process as it stimulates people to apply for a job.It is a negative process as it eliminates more people than selecting them.
PurposeIt aims to create a pool of applicants.It aims to ensure that competent candidate is selected for a job.
ProcessIt is a simple process as there are not many steps or hurdles.It is a complex process as there are many steps or hurdles.
StageIt starts before the selection process.It starts after the recruitment process.
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