Difference Between Python and Bash

Python and Bash both are both automation engineers’ favorite programming language. But sometimes it may become difficult to choose any one of them. So you might be looking for articles telling which language to choose. But the honest answer is it depends on the task, scope, complexity of the task. Let’s have a look at both languages.


Python is a multi-paradigm programming language such as object-oriented programming and structured programming and many others. It was developed by Guido van Rossum in the late 1980s. There are 33 total keywords used in python 3.7. It doesn’t support pointers. It is a dynamic-type language. It is easier in order to learn.

Note: For more information, refer to Python Programming Language


BASH is most widely used shell in Linux systems. It is used as a default login shell in Linux systems and in macOS. It can also be installed on Windows OS. Bash is available by default on Linux and macOS operating systems. It is a command processor that typically runs in a text window where the user types command that cause actions.

Difference Between Python and Bash

  • Definition:
    Python is a high-level programming language designed to be easy to read and simple to implement. While Bash is an sh-compatible command language interpreter that executes commands read from the standard input or from a file.
  • Simplicity :
    Python is more easy to maintain. Whereas, bash does not, it is require not maintenance.
  • Performance:
    Bash is the default user shell on every Linux distribution you know about as well as macOS, which makes it relatively faster than Python in terms of performance

Comparison Chart:

1 Python is highly efficient programming language used for general-purpose programming. Bash is not a programming language, it is a command-line interpreter.
2 Python is based on object-oriented programming Bash is a software replacement for the original Bourne shell.
3 Python is easy, simple and powerful language. Bash is tough to write and not powerful as python.
4 It is specially designed for web and app development. It is found on Linux distributions and macOS.
5 Python is more efficient and is known for its consistency and readability. IT does not deal with frameworks.
6 It supports OOP and allow users to easily and neatly break problems. Bash does not support OOP and it only understands text.L
7 It is easier to maintain than bash It is harder to maintain as compared to python
8 It require third party programs to be installed It does not require any third party apps/programs to be installed
9 It is better to use python when script is lager than 100 lOC. For smaller script Bash is good.
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