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Difference between Operating System and Kernel

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 27 Aug, 2021

Operating System: 
It is a system program that provides interface between user and computer. When computer boots up Operating System is the first program that loads. 

Kernel: 
A kernel is the core component of an operating system. It is also a system program. It is the part of Operating System which converts user commands into machine language. 

Difference between Operating System and Kernel: 

Operating SystemKernel
Operating System is a system software.Kernel is system software which is part of operating system.
Operating System provides interface between user and hardware.Kernel provides interface between applications and hardware.
It also provides protection and security.It’s main purpose is memory management, disk management, process management and task management.
All system needs operating system to run.All operating systems need kernel to run.
Type of operating system includes single and multiuser OS, multiprocessor OS, Realtime OS, Distributed OS.Type of kernel includes Monolithic and Micro kernel.
It is the first program to load when computer boots up.It is the first program to load when operating system loads.

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