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Difference between Open Source Database and Commercial Database

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  • Last Updated : 06 Jun, 2022

1. Open Source Database: An open-source database is a database where anyone can easily view the source code and this is open and free to download. Also for the community version, some small additional and affordable costs are imposed. Open Source Database provides Limited technical support to end-users. Here Installation and updates are administered by the user. For example: MYSQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB etc. 

2. Commercial Database : Commercial database are that which has been created for Commercial Purpose only. They are premium and are not free like Open Source Database. In Commercial Database it is guaranteed that technical support is provided. In this Installation and updates are Administrated by software Vendor. For examples: Oracle, IBM DB2 etc. 

Difference between Open Source Database and Commercial Database:

Sr. No.Basis of ComparisonOpen Source DatabaseCommercial Database
1.FocusIn Open Source Database anyone can easily view the Source code of it.Commercial Database are that which has been created for Commercial purpose only.
2.ExamplesExamples: MYSQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB etc.Examples: Oracle, DB2, Splunk etc.
3.CostThey are free or have additional and affordable cost.They are premium and are not free like open source database.
4.CommunityThe community can see, share, and modify the code of open-source DBMS software. The community cannot see, exchange, or modify the code of commercial DBMS software.
5.Source CodeBecause the source code is open, there is a risk of coding malfunction.The code is not accessible to unauthorized users and has a high level of protection.
6.Technical supportIt provide limited technical support.It provide guaranteed technical support.
7.LicenseIn this software is available under free licensing.In this Software is available under high licensing cost.
8.SupportIn this User’s needs to rely on Community Support.In this user’s get dedicated support from Vendor’s from where one’s buy.
9.Installation and UpdatesIn this Installation and Updates are  administrated by user.In this Installation and updates are administrated by Software Vendor.
  • Bug fixes are simple to implement without having to go through the approval process at corporate.
  • For any premium solution, a free open source alternative with the same or more functionality is always accessible.
  • Because it is more visible by nature, it can be inspected for security concerns, which is a big benefit.
  • There is a single point of contact for any issues that arise. That implies, you pay for specific needs, and there is a party to blame if difficulties develop.
  • The licensing is usually obvious, and it comes with a guarantee. 
  • Developers typically have a thorough plan in place for the programme and release updates as needed. This allows businesses to save money on the costs of technical outages and failures.
  • Volunteer Technical support
  • Because of Compatibility difficulties, it cannot be assured that it will work in each user’s environment due to compatibility difficulties.
  • Professionals are required to manage and even install the essential infrastructure because some of these difficulties vary from software to hardware. 
  • Open source also poses a significant security risk because some of it can easily contain security exploits.
  • Strict Licensing guidelines
  • Source code cannot be modified so extra cost is incurred for getting more functionality of premium features 

Which Database is Better : Commercial or Open Source Database : In conclusion, it is important to remember that both Commercial and Open Source database have their own Advantages and Disadvantages. If we considered which Database is better, then in most cases it makes sense to choose Open Source as compared to Commercial Database because :

  • Open Source database is Cost-effective.
  • Better quality source code.
  • More secure.
  • More preferred.
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