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Difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 05 Nov, 2020

A database is a collection of information that is structured in such a way that it is easy to manage and update. To make this task easier various Database Management Systems(DBMS) have been created. These include MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, Redis etc.

1. MySQL
It is one of the most famous, open-source Relational database management system (RDMS). The data in this table is stored in tables which makes it easy to perform CRUD operations (Create, Read, Update and Delete). Some of the features of MySQL are:

  • Fast, easy and reliable.
  • Can be used for both large and small applications.
  • Provides high scalablity

2. PostgreSQL:
It a powerful, open-source Object-relational database system. It provides good performance with low maintenance efforts because of its high stability.PostgreSQL was the first DBMS that implemented multi-version concurrency control (MVCC) feature. Some of the highlights of PostgreSQL are:

  • Support for vast amount of languages.
  • It procies advanced Security features.
  • It has geo-tagging support.

Difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL:

1.It is the most popular Database.It is the most advanced Database.
2.It is a relational based DBMS.It is an object based relational DBMS3.It is ACID complaint only when using with InnoDB and NDB cluster enginesIt is ACID complaint from the ground up.
4.Implementation language is C/C++.Implementation language is C.
5.It does not support CASCADE option.CASCADE option is supported.
6.GUI tool provided is MySQL WorkbenchPgAdmin is provided
7.It does not support partial, bitmap and expression indexes.It supports all of these
8.It doesn’t provide support for Materialised views and Table inheritance.PostgreSQL provides both of them.
9.SQL only support Standard data types.It support Advanced data types such as arrays, hstore and user defined types.
10.SQL provides limited MVCC support ( in InnoDB)Full MVCC support.

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