Performing computation with the help of programming languages was always been a focus for all mathematicians and statistician. Whereas to perform it efficiently it also depends on the scope of the problem. We have a variety of tools and languages to analyze and compute data. So let us discuss the most commonly used languages.

**1. MATLAB :**

MATLAB is a language that is highly used for performing high-level technical computing. The term MATLAB is is used for Matrix Laboratory, which provides us an interactive environment to perform reports and data analysis. It also allows the implementation of computing algorithms, plotting graphs, and other matrix functions.

Some features of MATLAB:

- It deals with array and matrix problems.
- It can solve complex algebraic equations.
- MATLAB is used to plot graphs and analyze data.
- It can also process and communicate the signals.

**2. Scilab :**

Scilab is open-source software that is used for data analysis and computation. It is also an alternative for MATLAB as this is not open-source. Scilab is named as Scientific Laboratory which resolves the problem related to numeric data. It uses an approximation technique which is called as Scientific Computing.

Some features of Scilab:

- It is capable to solve different algebraic equations.
- It supports the development of certain complicated algorithms.
- Capable of the model the previous computations.
- Performs visualization in Bar Graphs, lines, Histograms, MathML annotation.
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- MATLAB | RGB image representation
- MATLAB | Complement colors in a Binary image
- MATLAB | Converting a Grayscale Image to Binary Image using Thresholding
- MATLAB | Complement colors in RGB Image
- MATLAB | Complement colors in a Grayscale Image
- Draw Switzerland Flag Using Matlab
- MATLAB | Display histogram of a grayscale Image
- LSB based Image steganography using MATLAB
- Draw Sweden Flag using matlab
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- Draw Indian Flag using matlab

**Differences Between MATLAB and Scilab :**

S.No. | MATLAB | Scilab |
---|---|---|

1. | It is a high-level programming language that is used for performing mathematical computing. | It is a software that is used for performing scientific computations. |

2. | MATLAB is short used for Matrix laboratory. |
Scilab is short used for Scientific Laboratory. |

3. | This language is written in C, C++, and Java. | This software is programmed with C, C++, and Fortran. |

4. | The file saved is with extension ‘geeksforgeeks.m’. |
The file saved is with extension ‘geeksforgeeks.sci’. |

5. | The command line used begins with ‘%’. | The command line used beings with ‘//’. |

6. | It is not an open-source language. | It is open-source software. |

7. | MATLAB is used for solving high-level computation. | Scilab is used for solving low-level scientific computations. |

8. | The syntax for declaring an empty matrix is [] in MATLAB. | The syntax for declaring an empty matrix is [] +1 in Scilab. |

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