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Difference between Management Information System (MIS) and Decision Support System (DSS)

  • Last Updated : 01 Jul, 2019

Decision Support System (DSS) is an interactive, flexible computer based information system or sub-system intended to help decision makers use communication technologies, data, documents to identify and solve problems, complete decision process tasks and make decision.

Management Information System (MIS) consists of following three pillars: Management, Information, and System. These are explained as following below.

  1. Management: art of getting things done through and with the people of in formally organized groups.
  2. Information: data that have a meaning with a context, where data is raw facts about an entity (entity is the object of interest).
  3. System: set of inter-related components with a clearly defined boundary working together to achieve a common goal.

Management Information System (MIS) is a computer based system that makes information available to users with similar needs.

Difference between Management Information System (MIS) and Decision Support System (DSS):

PARAMETERMIS(MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM)DSS(DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM)
1. Main taskIdentifies information requirement.Develop certain tools for using decision process.
2. Main stressMain stress is on efficiency.Main stress is on effectiveness.
3. Type of database usedUses corporate database.Uses special database.
4. Data related taskData storage is of great importanceMain emphasis is on data manipulation
5. Dependency onVery much dependent on computerdependent on management judgement.
6. Access to dataIndirect access of data by providedManagement enjoys direct access
7. Principal usePrincipal use is controlPrincipal use is planning, staffing, decision making.
8. Created/developed byConstructed by vendors or information specialistsCreated by users alone or with specialists.
9. Types of usersMiddle level, lower level, sometimes senior executiveAnalysts, professionals, managers.
10. Main focusFocuses on information processing.Focuses on decision support, analysis.

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