List comprehension: List comprehension is an elegant way to define and create a list in python. We can create lists just like mathematical statements and in one line only. The syntax of list comprehension is easier to grasp. A list comprehension generally consists of these parts :
- Output expression,
- Input sequence,
- A variable representing a member of the input sequence and
- An optional predicate part.
List = [expression(i) for i in another_list if filter(i)]
[1, 9, 25, 49, 81]
In the above example,
- x ** 2 is the expression.
- range (1, 11) is input sequence or another list.
- x is the variable.
- if x % 2 == 1 is predicate part.
Lambda: In Python, anonymous function means that a function is without a name. As we already know the def keyword is used to define the normal functions and the lambda keyword is used to create anonymous functions. It has the following syntax:
lambda arguments : expression
[1, 4, 9, 16]
The difference between Lambdas and List Comprehension
List Comprehension is used to create lists, Lambdas are functions that can process like other functions and thus return values or list.
[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9] [0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18] [0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18]
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