1. Linux :
Linux is a group of open source Unix-like operating systems which was developed by Linus Torvalds. It is a packaged of Linux distribution. Some of the mostly used Linux distribution are Debian, Fedora and Ubuntu. It was basically written in C language and assembly language. Kernel used in Linux is Monolithic kernel. The target systems of Linux distributions are cloud computing, embedded systems, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframe computers and supercomputers. The first version of Linux was launched in 1991.
2. OS/2 :
OS/2 is a series of operating system which was developed by co-ordination of Microsoft Incorporation and IBM. Its target systems are personal computers and servers. It is written using C, C++ and assembly language. The first version of OS/2 was launched in 1987. It was discontinued in 2006 and after that it was being updated, maintained and marketed under the name eComStation. In 2015 it was named ArcaOS. The kernel used in this operating system is Monolithic with modules.
Difference between Linux and OS/2 :
|1.||It was developed by Linus Torvalds.||It was developed by co-ordination of Microsoft Inc. and IBM.|
|2.||It was launched in 1991.||It was launched in 1987.|
|3.||Its target system types are embedded systems, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframe computers and supercomputers.||Its target system types are personal computers and servers.|
|4.||Computer architectures supported by Linux are IA-32, x86-64, ARM, PowerPC and SPARC.||Computer architectures supported by OS/2 are 16-bit x86 (1.x only) and IA-32.|
|5.||Its kernel type is Monolithic.||Its kernel type is Monolithic with modules.|
|6.||Its native APIs are LINUX/POSIX.||Its native APIs are Proprietary, DOS API and Win16.|
|7.||It has the preferred license of GNU GPLv2 (kernel).||It has the preferred license of Proprietary.|
|8.||The non-native APIs supported through its subsystems are Mono, Java, Win16 and Win32.||The non-native APIs supported through its subsystems are Win32.|
|9.||Its package management depends on the distrubution.||Its package management is Feature Install.|
|10.||File systems supported by Linux are ext2, ext3, ext4, btrfs, ReiserFS, FAT, ISO 9660, UDF and NFS.||File systems supported by OS/2 are HPFS, JFS, FAT, ISO 9660, UDF and NFS.|