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Difference between Linux and FreeBSD

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  • Last Updated : 23 Jun, 2022
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1. Linux: Linux is a group of open-source Unix-like operating systems which was developed by Linus Torvalds. It is a package of Linux distribution. Some of the most used Linux distributions are Debian, Fedora, and Ubuntu. It was basically written in C language and assembly language. The kernel used in Linux is a Monolithic kernel. The target systems of Linux distributions are cloud computing, embedded systems, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframe computers, and supercomputers. The first version of Linux was launched in 1991. The most recent version of Linux for personal computers is 5.6 (kernel). 

2. FreeBSD: FreeBSD is a free and open-source operating system that is provided by The FreeBSD Project. It was designed on the basis of the two Unix-like operating systems Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) and Research Unix. It has quite similarities with Linux operating system. It was one of the famous operating systems earlier but now it is less used as compared to other operating systems. The first version of FreeBSD was launched in 1993. The latest stable version of FreeBSD is 12.1. 

Difference between Linux and FreeBSD:

LINUXFREEBSD
It was developed by Linus Torvalds.It was developed by The FreeBSD Project.
It was launched in 1991.It was launched in 1993.
It is designed for personal computers of all companies.It is not designed for personal computers.
Its target system types are embedded systems, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframe computers, and supercomputers.Its target system types are server, workstation, NAS and embedded systems.
Computer architectures supported by Linux are IA-32, x86-64, ARM, PowerPC, and SPARC.Computer architectures supported by FreeBSD are IA-32, x86-64, ARM, MIPS, and PowerPC.
The kernel used in Linux is Monolithic.Its kernel type is Monolithic with modules.
Its package management depends on the distribution.Its package management is Port collections/packages.
Its native APIs are LINUX/POSIX.Its native APIs are BSD/POSIX.
The file systems supported by Linux are ext2, ext3, ext4, btrfs, ReiserFS, FAT, ISO 9660, UDF, and NFS.The file systems supported by FreeBSD are UFS2, ZFS, ext2, ext3, FAT, ISO 9660, UDF, and NFS.
It has the preferred license of GNU GPLv2 (kernel).It has a preferred license of BSD.
Linux supports all types of Oracle or ERP applications.FreeBSD does not support any of the Oracle or ERP applications.
Linux has good security.FreeBSD has better security than Linux.
The non-native APIs supported through its subsystems are Mono, Java, Win16, and Win32.The non-native APIs supported through its subsystems are Mono, Java, Win16, Win32, and Linux.
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