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Difference Between Linux and Android

Last Updated : 01 Mar, 2024
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Linux and Android are important Operating systems in the tech global, each serving distinct functions and catering to one-of-a-kind user needs. The majority of individuals believe that Android and Linux are operating systems. Android is a mobile phone OS, whereas Linux is used on servers and desktops. In terms of Android and Linux, the Linux kernel is the most common operating system, and the Android framework is built above it. All Android devices run the Linux kernel, although Android is not present on all Linux devices. In This article are we going to discuss the differences between Linux and Android Operating system and their features. Below mentioned are the key points of Linux and Android OS:

What is Linux?

Linux is a group of open-source Unix-like OS that was developed by Linus Torvalds. It is a package of Linux distribution. Some of the examples of the most commonly used Linux are Debian, Fedora, and Ubuntu. It was written in C programming language and assembly language. The kernel used in Linux is a Monolithic kernel. The target systems of Linux distributions are cloud computing, embedded systems, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframe computers, and supercomputers. The first version of Linux was launched in 1991. The most recent version of Linux for personal computers is 5.6 (kernel).

Advantages of Linux

  • Linux is freely Available.
  • Linux systems are regarded for stability and robustness, often walking for prolonged intervals without crashing.
  • Linux is less at risk of malware and viruses as compared to other operating structures.
  • Linux offers vast customisation options, allowing users to tailor their systems consistent with their alternatives.
  • Linux has a substantial and energetic network that provides assist, documentation, and a extensive variety of software.

Disadvantages of Linux

  • Some proprietary software program and hardware drivers might not be with no trouble available or optimised for Linux.
  • Linux could have a steep learning curve for customers acquainted with different running systems, particularly for tasks which includes system administration and troubleshooting.
  • While gaming on Linux has improved in current years, it nevertheless lags behind Windows in phrases of game availability and performance.
  • The variety of Linux distributions and package management structures can result in fragmentation.

Features of Linux Operating System

  • Linux is an open-source operating system, which means that its source code is freely available to anyone and can be modified and redistributed.
  • Linux is highly customizable, and users can modify and configure the system to suit their specific needs and preferences.
  • Linux offers a command-line interface for advanced users and developers.
  • Linux has a large repository of software packages, which can be easily installed and managed using package managers.
  • Linux supports multiple desktop environments, which allows users to choose the interface that they prefer.

What is Android?

Android is a mobile operating system that is provided by Google. It is based on the modified version of the Linux kernel and other open-source software. It is specifically designed for touchscreen mobile devices like smartphones and tablets. It was developed using C, Java, C++, and other languages. The first version of Android was launched by Google in 2008. The latest stable version of Android is Android 10. It is provided totally free of cost.

Advantages of Android

  • It is highly customizable and may be converted into anything.
  • It provides an open-source platform for developers.
  • It is very affordable.
  • A new application may be published without being reviewed.
  • It has easy access to the Android application store.

Disadvantages of Android

  • It provides a high level of device fragmentation.
  • Several programmes may contain viruses.
  • It has a complex layout, which makes coding difficult.
  • Fake and low-security applications may be installed, collecting your data without your awareness.

Features of Android Operating System

  • Android is based closely on apps, that are available via the Google Play Store or different app shops.
  • Android makes use of a touch-based interface
  • Android is mostly designed for cellular devices consisting of smartphones .
  • Like Linux, Android is also pretty customizable, and customers can regulate and configure the device to fit their precise needs and alternatives.
  • Android has built-in security capabilities to defend towards viruses, malware, and different protection threats.

Difference Between Linux and Android

It was developed by Linus Torvalds. It was developed by Google LLC.
It was first launch in 1991. It was first launch in 2008.
It is designed for PC of all companies. It is specifically designed for mobile devices.
Kernel used in Linux is Monolithic. Its Kernel type is Linux-based.
It has the preferred license of GNU GPLv2 (kernel). It has the preferred license of Apache 2.0 and GNU GPLv2.
It is written mainly using C and assembly language. It is written using C, C++, Java and other languages.
It is used in personal computers with complex tasks. It is the most used operating system overall.
It target system types are embedded systems, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframe computers and supercomputers. Its target system types are smartphones and tablet computers.
It is mostly used for hacking purpose-based, tasks. It is used in mobile devices for all simple tasks.
Linux holds a smaller footprint comparative android.  Android holds a large footprint comparative Linux.
It is a derived version of Unix. It is executed on virtual machines.
Linux distros use GNU C. Android uses its own C library, Bionic.
Linux supports multiple architectures. Android supports only two major architectures: x86 and ARM.


Both Linux and Android constitute effective, versatile operating structures with wonderful traits and programs. Linux, renowned for its open-source nature and versatility, serves as the foundation for a big selection of computing systems, from servers to private computers, offering stability, protection, and enormous customization options. Its lively network and giant atmosphere of software and aid sources make it a famous preference amongst developers. On the other hand, Android, built upon the Linux kernel, dominates with its person-pleasant interface, sizeable app atmosphere, and integration with Google services. Android powers billions of smartphones and other cellular devices internationally.

Frequently Asked Question on Linux and Android – FAQs

What are Linux distributions?

A Linux distribution is an operating system composed of a software collection that comprises the Linux kernel and, in many cases, a package management system.

Is Android Free?

Yes android in freely available.

Can I customize Android?

Custom Android devices are smartphones and tablets designed, and customised by the manufacturer or third-party developer. These customisations can take numerous forms, such as adding new features and modifying the user interface for a specific use case or industry.

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