KOTLIN is a cross platform, statically types, general purpose programming language with type inference. KOTLIN is designed to interoperate fully with java but type inference allows its syntax to be more concise.KOTLIN is sponsored by JetBrains and Google through the Kotlin Foundation.
JAVA is an Object Oriented Programming Language developed by JAMES GOSLING and colleagues at SUN MICRO SYSTEMS in 1991.The language was initially called OAK. It was developed as a full fledged programming language in which one can accomplish the same sorts of tasks and solve the similar problems that one can do in other programming languages such as BASIC,C++ etc.
Using Kotlin over Java language in Android
The most reason for introducing Kotlin to Android advancement was to decrease the number of lines of code and make development more convenient to prepare. Everything that can be done utilizing Java can be done utilizing Kotlin for Android development.
- No need of findViewByIds: It is used to find the first descendant view with the given ID.
TextView text = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textView);
- Free from Null Pointer Exception
NullPointerExceptions are a tremendous source of disappointment for Java designers. In Kotlin, all sorts are non-nullable (incapable to hold null value) by default. If the code tries to use or return null in Kotlin, compile time error is shown.
var a: String = "abc"
// compilation error
a = null
- Data Class: We often create classes to hold some data in it. In such classes, some standard functions are often derivable from the data. In Kotlin, this type of class is known as data class and is marked as data.
data class User(val name: String, val age: Int)
There are many differences in both these languages according to their features
|1. Extension Functions||It is already available in Kotlin||In java, we need to create class|
|2. Null Safety||It is available in Kotlin||It is not available in Java|
|3. Static Members||Kotlin doesn’t have a static member for a class||It is available in Java|
|4. String Templates||Yes, there are two types of string literals in Kotlin||It is available in Java too but it doesn’t support expression like Kotlin|
|5. Wildcard Types||It is not available in Kotlin||Available in Java|
|6. Smartcasts||Available in Kotlin||Not Available in Java|
|7. No Checked Exceptions||Kotlin removed exceptions entirely||It is problematic in Java|
|8. Operator Overloading||Kotlin allows users to provide a way to invoke functions||Operators are tied to particular Java Types|
|9. Constructors||It has primary constructor and secondary constructor||Constructors can be used to take parameters to initialize attributes|
|10. Type System||It gives nullability support, type inference, and universal guards||There are other kinds of reference types related to the basic concept of class|
Despite all the differences between the two languages, Java and Kotlin are 100% interoperable. You can call Kotlin code from Java, and you can call Java code from Kotlin. So it’s possible to have Kotlin and Java classes side-by-side within the same project, and everything will still compile.
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- Why Kotlin will replace Java for Android App Development
- Why You Should Switch to Kotlin from Java to Develop Android Apps?
- Difference between Android 1.1 and Android 4.0.1
- Difference between Android 1.1 and Android 2.3.4
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 1.1
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 7.1
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 2.3
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 2.2
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 1.6
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 2.1
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 2.0.1
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 2.0
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 1.5
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 2.3.3
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 4.2.1
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 2.3.7
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 4.0.2
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 4.0.1
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 4.0
- Difference between Android 1.0 and Android 3.2.6
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Improved By : harleenk_99