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Difference between Java and Kotlin in Android with Examples

  • Last Updated : 27 May, 2020

Kotlin

KOTLIN is a cross platform, statically types, general purpose programming language with type inference. KOTLIN is designed to interoperate fully with java but type inference allows its syntax to be more concise.KOTLIN is sponsored by JetBrains and Google through the Kotlin Foundation.

Java

JAVA is an Object Oriented Programming Language developed by JAMES GOSLING and colleagues at SUN MICRO SYSTEMS in 1991.The language was initially called OAK. It was developed as a full fledged programming language in which one can accomplish the same sorts of tasks and solve the similar problems that one can do in other programming languages such as BASIC,C++ etc.

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Using Kotlin over Java language in Android

The most reason for introducing Kotlin to Android advancement was to decrease the number of lines of code and make development more convenient to prepare. Everything that can be done utilizing Java can be done utilizing Kotlin for Android development.



For example:

  • No need of findViewByIds: It is used to find the first descendant view with the given ID.
    Java

    TextView text = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textView);
    text.setText("Hello World");

    Kotlin
    textView.setText("Hello World")

  • Free from Null Pointer Exception
    NullPointerExceptions are a tremendous source of disappointment for Java designers. In Kotlin, all sorts are non-nullable (incapable to hold null value) by default. If the code tries to use or return null in Kotlin, compile time error is shown.
    var a: String = "abc"
    // compilation error
    a = null
  • Data Class: We often create classes to hold some data in it. In such classes, some standard functions are often derivable from the data. In Kotlin, this type of class is known as data class and is marked as data.
    data class User(val name: String, val age: Int)

There are many differences in both these languages according to their features

FeaturesKotlinJava
1. Extension FunctionsIt is already available in KotlinIn java, we need to create class
2. Null SafetyIt is available in KotlinIt is not available in Java
3. Static MembersKotlin doesn’t have a static member for a classIt is available in Java
4. String TemplatesYes, there are two types of string literals in KotlinIt is available in Java too but it doesn’t support expression like Kotlin
5. Wildcard TypesIt is not available in KotlinAvailable in Java
6. SmartcastsAvailable in KotlinNot Available in Java
7. No Checked ExceptionsKotlin removed exceptions entirelyIt is problematic in Java
8. Operator OverloadingKotlin allows users to provide a way to invoke functionsOperators are tied to particular Java Types
9. ConstructorsIt has primary constructor and secondary constructorConstructors can be used to take parameters to initialize attributes
10. Type SystemIt gives nullability support, type inference, and universal guardsThere are other kinds of reference types related to the basic concept of class

Despite all the differences between the two languages, Java and Kotlin are 100% interoperable. You can call Kotlin code from Java, and you can call Java code from Kotlin. So it’s possible to have Kotlin and Java classes side-by-side within the same project, and everything will still compile.

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