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Difference between Information and Data

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 15 Jun, 2022
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Information: 

Information is delineate because the structured, organized, and processed data, conferred inside context, that makes it relevant and helpful to the one who desires it. Data suggests that raw facts and figures regarding individuals, places, or the other issue, that is expressed within the type of numbers, letters or symbols. 

Information is that the knowledge that is remodeled and classified into an intelligible type, which may be utilized in the method of deciding. In short, once knowledge end up to be purposeful when conversion, it’s referred to as info. It’s one thing that informs, in essence, it provides a solution to a specific question. It may be obtained from numerous sources like newspapers, the internet, television, people, books, etc. 

Data: 

Data is a raw and unorganized fact that is required to be processed to make it meaningful. It can be considered as facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis. 

Data are individual units of information. In analytical processes, data are represented by variables. Data is always interpreted, by a human or machine, to derive meaning. So, data is meaningless. Data contains numbers, statements, and characters in a raw form. 

Let’s understand it with an example,  see it is a fact (or data) that an apple a day can keep the doctor away. But why it is not told, means this doesn’t tell us about what makes apple healthy but if it tells that apple provides different vitamins, minerals, and fiber, which keeps us healthy and are needed by our body; then it is information as it conveys the full meaning of the fact.

Difference between Information and Data:

S.NODATAINFORMATION
1Data are the variables that help to develop ideas/conclusions.Information is meaningful data.
2Data are text and numerical values.Information is refined form of actual data.
3Data doesn’t rely on Information.While Information relies on Data.
4Bits and Bytes are the measuring unit of data.Information is measured in meaningful units like time, quantity, etc.
5Data can be easily structured as the following: 1.Tabular data 2.Graph 3.Data treeInformation can also be structured as the following: 1. Language 2. Ideas 3. Thoughts
6Data does not have any specific purposeInformation carries a meaning that has been assigned by interpreting data.
7It is low-level knowledge.It is the second level of knowledge.
8Data does not directly helps in decision making.Information directly helps in decision making.
9Data is collection of facts, which it self have no meaning.Information puts those facts into context.
10Example of data is student test score.Example of information is average score of class that is derived from given data.
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