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Difference Between Golang and Ruby
  • Last Updated : 19 Oct, 2020

Before stepping into a new project software developing team goes through severe discussions in order to choose the best language for their project. As we are aware that different technologies have their pros and cons and similarly the technology which is looking vibrant for one project might be lacking for others. That’s why declaring a specific one worthless wouldn’t be justifiable. But here in this article, we will discuss the basic differences between both languages.

Golang: It is a statically typed and compiled programming language designed at Google by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. Its development started in 2007 at Google and it was introduced to the public in 2009. It’s open-source and available for public use. Go is syntactically similar to C, which would eliminate the “extraneous garbage” of languages such as C++. As a result, Go includes many features of other modern languages, such as method and operator overloading, pointer arithmetic, and type inheritance. It provides the concurrency mechanisms that make it easy to develop multicore and networked machine level oriented programs. It’s interpreted and fast executing language with a rich library. The language is often called as “Golang” because of its domain name, golang.org, but the proper name of this language is Go. 

Go

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// Simple Go program 
package main 
  
import "fmt"
  
func main() { 
var a int = 100
  
if(a < 2000) { 
      
    fmt.Printf("a is less than 2000\n"
          
} else
      
    fmt.Printf("a is greater than 2000\n"

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Output:

a is less than 2000

Ruby: It is an open-source Object-oriented programming language that is dynamic in nature. Ruby has a very neat and simple syntax that is natural to read and easy to write. It was created in 1990 by Yukihiro Matz Matsumoto, in Japan, who combined various parts of his favorite languages, i.e. Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp, in order to form a new language that balanced the functional programming with imperative programming. Ruby is a scripting language built from the ground up for use in front end and back end web development and similar applications. It is a robust, dynamically typed, object-oriented language with syntax so easy to understand and a high-level language. It was released for public use in the year 1995.

Ruby

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# Simple Ruby program
marks = 20
  
if marks >= 50
    puts"Candidate has cleared the examination!"
else 
  puts"Candidate hasn't cleared the examination!"
end

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Output:

Candidate hasn't cleared the examination!                                       

       Differences between Golang(Go) and Ruby

Golang(Go)

Ruby

 Golang was developed at Google in 2009 by the team of developers, those are Rob Pike, Robert Griesemer and Ken Thompson in America.   Ruby was developed by one person, i.e. Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto, in 1991 in Japan.
It is a statically typed language. It is a dynamically typed language.
Golang isn’t preferred for testing purpose to a greater extent because it doesn’t have attributes as Ruby has. If there is a requirement in terms of the testing perspective Ruby is best because Ruby has a great testing framework and It is also based on the Agile methodology of project development.
In terms of speed, Golang beats Ruby and much faster programming language than Ruby. Ruby is not such a faster programming language as Golang is because Golang doesn’t need to be interpreted.
Golang is not a completely Object-oriented language but Go has types and methods that allow it to act as mild object-oriented programming. Ruby is a pure Object-oriented language.
Golang has automatic memory management, which is referred to as automatic garbage collection and automatic memory allocation. Ruby, memory allocation is sorted with the release of small sets of slots from time to time.
Golang is preferred to solve both complex and simple multithreaded tasks. It is good in creating small commercial blogs, commercial projects and personal pages.
Dropbox, eBay, and Uber, Google itself, are developed using Golang. Airbnb, Github, Shopify are examples of web applications that are developed using Ruby.
It takes more lines to write the same code as compared to another C-based language. It has a simple clean syntax which is easier to read and write.



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