Difference Between FPGA and Microcontroller
FPGA stands for Field Programmable Gate Array. It is a reprogrammable chip which is a collection of hundreds of thousands of logic gates that connects internally together to build a complex digital circuit. Basically, FPGA is an integrated circuit that can be programmed by the user to capture the logic.
- It is capable of capturing 100,000+ designed gates.
- It provides standard interfaces.
- It also provides built-in memories, processor cores, and many more.
- It is cheap for small volumes because one does not need to pay for fabrication.
- It is flexible.
- For large volumes, FPGA is quite expensive.
- It has limited size options.
- Limited performance.
A microcontroller is a low-cost computer, designed specifically to perform tasks of embedded systems. It has RAM, ROM, I/O ports, and other peripheral devices integrated as one. It is programmed using assembly language.
- They are simple to program.
- They are affordable.
- Microcontrollers are cost-effective.
- They are not ideal for complex applications and can work on only simple applications.
- Hardware is limited.
- The processing power of microcontrollers is slow.
For more about microcontrollers, please refer Advantages and Disadvantages of the microcontroller article.
Difference between FPGA and Microcontroller
|It is based on hardware connection or wiring through programming.||It is based on software programming to execute the instruction.|
|It does not have a fixed hardware structure.||It has a fixed hardware structure.|
|It supports Hardware Description Language.||It supports C, C++, C#, and many more.|
|No portability across tools.||Open-source tools are available.|
|Processing power is high.||Processing power is low.|
|It require more skill to use.||Easy to use.|
|Ideal for more complex applications.||Not always ideal for complex applications.|
|It is costly.||They are affordable.|
|It focuses on parallel execution.||It focuses on serial execution.|
My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Please Login to comment...