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Difference between Fastag, Bar Code and NFC
  • Last Updated : 25 Jul, 2020

1. Fastag :
Fastag has revolutionized the way toll taxes are paid. It has been developed by the national payments Corporation of India and is used by the National Highway Authority of India the government institution that handles the highways. It is a printed tag that uses the RFID Technology for the electronic collection of taxes.

Fastag option on paytm appication –

2. Barcode :
Numbers can be stored in a pictorial format using barcodes which make use of lines and spaces. This concept was developed in 1952. Today, it is used for tracking parcels and nuclear wastes, tracking airlines luggage, billing in stores etc. The barcodes are scanned by barcode scanners to retrieve the numerical data.

Barcode that scans to GeeksforGeeks –



3. Near Field Communication (NFC) :
NFC technology is developed on the principle of inductive coupling of connected devices. It is a standard to communicate between wireless devices. It is designed to be used within a short range. It is used in identity cards, keycards, and by cashless payment providers.

NFC on a speaker –



Difference between Fastag, Bar Code and NFC :

S.No. Fastag Barcode NFC
1. It was introduced by the developers in 2014. It was introduced by the developers in 1952. It was introduced by the developers in 2002.
2. It has National Payments Corporation of India as developer. It has Norman Joseph Woodland as developer. It has Franz Amtmann and Philippe Mangars as developer.
3. It is only of 1 type. It is of 2 types, 1 dimentional and 2 dimentional. It is only of 1 type.
4. It is a printed tag that uses the RFID Technology for the electronic collection of taxes. Numbers can be stored in a pictorial format using barcodes which make use of lines and spaces that are printed and in a computer understandable format. It is a communication protocol for communication between devices (electronic) within a distance of 4cm.
5. It is used by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) for collection of toll taxes. It is used at stores for tracking all purchased items, in hospitals for tracking the records of patients, in rental cars business and tracking of airline luggage, mails and nuclear waste. It is used as identity cards, as key cards and as a method of contactless payments and mobile payments in various sectors such as retail, automobile, cinema etc.
6. It is based on RFID technology. It is based on Morse Code technology. It is based on inductive coupling between antennas of the devices.
7. It does not require line of sight. It requires line of sight. It requires proximity (distance between the devices must be less than 4 centimeters, hence the name, Near field).
8. Several Fastags can be examined at once. Only one barcode is examined at once. Only one NFC is examined at once.

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