In **deterministic algorithm**, for a given particular input, the computer will always produce the same output going through the same states but in case of **non-deterministic algorithm**, for the same input, the compiler may produce different output in different runs. In fact non-deterministic algorithms can’t solve the problem in polynomial time and can’t determine what is the next step. The non-deterministic algorithms can show different behaviors for the same input on different execution and there is a degree of randomness to it.

To implement a non-deterministic algorithm, we have a couple of languages like Prolog but these don’t have standard programming language operators and these operators are not a part of any standard programming languages.

**Some of the terms related to the non-deterministic algorithm are defined below**:

**choice(X) :**chooses any value randomly from the set X.**failure() :**denotes the unsuccessful solution.**success() :**Solution is successful and current thread terminates.

**Example :**

Problem Statement :Search an element x on A[1:n] where n>=1, on successful search return j if a[j] is equals to x otherwise return 0.

Non-deterministic Algorithm for this problem :1.j= choice(a, n) 2.if(A[j]==x) then { write(j); success(); } 3.write(0); failure();

Deterministic Algorithm | Non-deterministic Algorithm |
---|---|

For a particular input the computer will give always same output. | For a particular input the computer will give different output on different execution. |

Can solve the problem in polynomial time. | Can’t solve the problem in polynomial time. |

Can determine the next step of execution. | Cannot determine the next step of execution due to more than one path the algorithm can take. |

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