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Difference Between Data Science and Artificial Intelligence

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  • Last Updated : 12 Jul, 2022
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Data Science: In 1974, Peter Naur proposed data science as an alternative name for computer science. Data Science is a subset of Artificial Intelligence. Simply data science is a collection of data to analyze and we make a decision on behalf of it. It uses scientific methods, processes, algorithms, and insights from many structural and unstructured data. the person who works in data science is known as data scientist. 

Artificial Intelligence: At a conference at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, where the term Artificial intelligence was coined (1956). It’s a human-like intelligence provided to the machines where machines act and think as humanly. They solve problems faster than human beings. Speech recognition, translation tools, etc. are the building areas of AI. AI is all about machine learning deep learning etc. We can emulate cognition and human understanding to a certain level

S. No.ParametersData scienceArtificial Intelligence
1.BasicsData Science is a detailed process that mainly involves pre- processing analysis, visualization and prediction.AI(short) is the implementation of a predictive model to forecast future events and trends.
2.GoalsIdentifying the patterns that are concealed in the data is the main objective of data science.Automation of the process and the granting of autonomy to the data model are the main goals of artificial intelligence.
3.Types of dataData Science will have a variety of different types of data, including structured, semi-structured, and unstructured type of data.AI uses standardized data in the form of vectors and embeddings.
4.Scientific ProcessingIt has a high degree of scientific processing.It has a lot of high levels of complex processing.
5.Tools usedThe tools utilized in Data Science are far more extensive than those used in AI. This is due to the fact that Data Science entails a number of procedures for analyzing data and developing insights from it.The tools used in AI are less extensive compared to Data Science.
6.BuildBy using the concept of data science, we can build complex models about statistics and facts about data.By using this we emulate cognition and human understanding to a certain level.
7.Technique usedIt uses the technique of data analysis and data analytics.It uses a lot of machine learning techniques.
8.UseData science makes use of graphical representation.Artificial intelligence makes use of algorithms and network node representation.
9.KnowledgeIts knowledge was established to find hidden patterns and trends in the data.Its knowledge is all about imparting some autonomy to a data model.
10.Examples of ToolsR, Python, etc. are the tools used in data science.Tensor flow, sci-kit-learn, Kaffee, etc are the tools used in AI.
11.ModelsModels are built in Data Science to generate statistical insights for decision-making.Models are created in Artificial Intelligence that is believed to be analogous to human understanding and cognition.
12. Data Science looks for patterns in data to make decisions.AIs look to intelligence reports to make decisions.
13.ApplicationsIts applications are advertising, marketing, Healthcare, etc.Its application is robotics, automation, etc.
14.When to use?

Data Science will be employed when:

  • The problem necessitates quick mathematical computation.
  • Exploratory data analysis is required (EDA)
  • You must employ predictive analytics.
  • It is necessary to identify patterns and trends.
  • Statistical knowledge is required.

AI will be employed when:

  • There are repetitive chores involved.
  • You must conduct a risk assessment.
  • Rapid decision-making is required.
  • Exactness is necessary.
  • You demand logical decision-making free of emotional bias.
15.ExamplesProcess optimization, Customer trends, and financial analysis are some examples.Robots, Chatbots, online gaming, and voice assistants are some examples.
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