1. Data Lake :
It is the concept where all sorts of data can be landed at a low cost but exceedingly adaptable storage/zone.to be examined afterward for potential insights. It is another advancement of what ETL/DWH pros called the Landing Zone of data. Only presently we are looking at ALL sorts of information .independent of construction, structure, metadata, etc. One of the thoughts behind Data Lake is that presently innovation has made it conceivable to store ALL information that a firm generates/buys (prior it would be a case where the firm HAD to select the pertinent information and store in a structured distribution center.).
2. Data Warehouse :
It is essentially a social database facilitated on cloud or an endeavor centralized computer server. It collects information from shifted, heterogeneous sources for the most reason for supporting the investigation and choice-making preparation of administration of any business.
A data warehouse is characterized as Subject-oriented, coordinates, time-variant, and non-unstable collection of information in arrange to supply business insights and help within the choice-making process.
Difference between Data Lake and Data Warehouse :
|Data Lake||Data Warehouse|
|Data is kept in its raw frame in Data Lake and here all the data are kept independent of the source of the information. They are as it was changed into other shapes at whatever point required.||Data Warehouse is composed of data that are extricated from value-based and other measurement frameworks. Here the information isn’t in raw shape and is continuously changed and clean.|
|The most target for Data Lake is Data Researchers, Big Data Engineers, and Machine Learning Engineers who ought to do to profound investigation to form models for commerce such as predictive modeling.||The primary target of Data Warehouse is the operational clients as this information is in an organized organize and can give prepared to construct reports. So they are generally utilized for trade intelligence.|
|The most inputs to data Lake are all sorts of information such as organized, semi-structured, and unstructured information. This information dwells in data Lake in their unique form.||The primary inputs to Data warehouse are organized information that is coming from value-based and measurements frameworks which are at that point organized within the shape of schemas.|
|Comprises of raw data that will or might not be curated.||It comprises of curated data which is centralized and is prepared to be sued for commerce insights and analytics purpose.|
|data is not in normalized form.||Denormalized schemas|
|The advances that are utilized in data lakes such as Hadoop, Machine Learning are moderately modern as compared to the information warehouse.||Here the technology that’s utilized for a data warehouse is older.|
|A data lake can have all sorts of information and can be utilized with keeping past, show and prospects in mind.||Data Warehouse is concerned, here most of the time is went through on analyzing different sources of the data.|
|Data in interior of the data lake are profoundly open and can be rapidly updated.||Data in interior of the data warehouse are more complicated and it requires more fetched to bring any changes to them, availability is additionally confined as it were authorized users.|