Difference Between DART and C++

Competitive Programming teaches one to find the easiest solution in the quickest way possible. And C++ has always been loved by almost all the competitive programmers. C++ language is capable of boosting the speed of debugging and problem-solving which are the necessities for this brain sport.

Why is C++ a high in-demand language in competitive programming? 

  • C++ was developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie. Ever since then, it has been actively used by the coders for real-world applications like game development, browsers, banking, graphics, advanced computations, and more. This is one reason why C++ hasn’t lost its place.
  • In-built functions: C++ is rich with the in-built functions that are associated with it. Eg: Sorting can be done in C++ using: sort(A, A+n) where ‘A’ is an array and ‘n’ indicates the length of the array.
  • A very vast library: The templates in C++ help the programmers quickly tackle basic data structures and functions. They include lists, stacks, arrays, etc. Also, many header files can be replaced by using a single STL(Standard Template Library). It actually makes the life of competitive programmers easier.
  • Speed: C++ is very fast compared to languages like Python and Java.Whether it’s compiling or I/O operations, C++ is swift compared to these languages using interpreters and complex codes.

This has made C++ by far the best and most popular languages in the competitive programming world.

Is DART a rival to C++?

DART is basically a client-optimized language and is meant for serving applications at the server-side as well as the browser side. It is also used in mobile applications. These days, Dart is seen replacing Kotlin in app development using Flutter as it avoids the need for a separate declarative layout language like XML and JSX. While C++ is an object-oriented programming language with generic features, Dart is an object-oriented, web-based programming language. Therefore, it can be easily compiled to JavaScript for browser applications. Also, we can use the Dart virtual machine on the server-side to replace Node.js. This has enabled Dart to erase the imprints of the C++ family in modern applications.



Basic Differences

Let’s peep into the basic dissimilarities between Dart and C++. How to read and display your name using these two languages?

1. Reading input from the user:  C++ uses ‘cin’ and ‘scanf’ command to read the input from the user.

C++

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main() {
    string name;
    cin>>name;
    return 0;
}

chevron_right


Dart

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

import 'dart:io';
void main(){
  var name = stdin.readLineSync();
}

chevron_right


 

2. Displaying an output: C++ displays the output using ‘cout’ and ‘printf’ commands. Whereas Dart uses the normal print statement as in Python or ‘write’ command. Also, parenthesis is used to specify the elements to be displayed in the Dart language.

C++

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
    string name;
    cin>>name;
    cout<<name;
    return 0;
}

chevron_right


Dart

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

import 'dart:io';
void main(){
  var name = stdin.readLineSync();
   stdout.write(name);
}

chevron_right


 

3. Language type: C++ is an object-oriented language. It supports the basic OOP features like polymorphism, encapsulation, classes, objects, abstraction, etc.

Did you know?

 C++ is an impure object-oriented language. The reasons include:

  • Encapsulation is violated by the use of global variables in C++.
  • The use of classes is not important as in Java and if used they have to be specified inside the main function. This prevents the usage of multiple classes in C++.

On the other hand, the Dart language is a web-based programming language. It is also object-oriented, class-based, and garbage collected language. It is enabled with features like spread operator for expanding collections. Most importantly, Dart language is used for reactive programming where it can support features like user interface widgets. It also deals with data streams that are responsible for every change that takes place in a program.

4. Translator: Language translators like compiler and interpreter are used to convert a high-level language into machine level language. C++ is a compiled language and thus it becomes speedier when compared with Python which is interpreted.

Dart can also be compiled. But instead of resulting in a machine language, the Dart compiler will result in the JavaScript code which is in turn an interpreted language.dart can also be compiled into the native code to use with Node.js. Also, there is a Dart Virtual Machine that acts as an interpreter. Thus, Dart is an interpreted compiler language.

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

Check out this Author's contributed articles.

If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.


Article Tags :
Practice Tags :


Be the First to upvote.


Please write to us at contribute@geeksforgeeks.org to report any issue with the above content.