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Difference between Client-Server and Peer-to-Peer Network

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 22 Nov, 2022
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Client-Server Network: This model are broadly used network model. In Client-Server Network, Clients and server are differentiated, Specific server and clients are present. In Client-Server Network, Centralized server is used to store the data because its management is centralized.In Client-Server Network, Server respond the services which is request by Client. 

 

Peer-to-Peer Network: This model does not differentiate the clients and the servers, In this each and every node is itself client and server. In Peer-to-Peer Network, Each and every node can do both request and respond for the services. 

  • Peer-to-peer networks are often created by collections of 12 or fewer machines. All of these computers use unique security to keep their data, but they also share data with every other node.
  • In peer-to-peer networks, the nodes both consume and produce resources. Therefore, as the number of nodes grows, so does the peer-to-peer network’s capability for resource sharing. This is distinct from client-server networks where an increase in nodes causes the server to become overloaded.
  • It is challenging to give nodes in peer-to-peer networks proper security because they function as both clients and servers. A denial of service attack may result from this.
  • The majority of contemporary operating systems, including Windows and Mac OS, come with software to implement peer

 

Difference between Client-Server and Peer-to-Peer Network:

S.NOClient-Server NetworkPeer-to-Peer Network
1.In Client-Server Network, Clients and server are differentiated, Specific server and clients are present.In Peer-to-Peer Network, Clients and server are not differentiated.
2.Client-Server Network focuses on information sharing.While Peer-to-Peer Network focuses on connectivity.
3.In Client-Server Network, Centralized server is used to store the data.While in Peer-to-Peer Network, Each peer has its own data.
4.In Client-Server Network, Server respond the services which is request by Client.While in Peer-to-Peer Network, Each and every node can do both request and respond for the services.
5.Client-Server Network are costlier than Peer-to-Peer Network.While Peer-to-Peer Network are less costlier than Client-Server Network.
6.Client-Server Network are more stable than Peer-to-Peer Network.While Peer-to-Peer Network are less stable if number of peer is increase.
7.Client-Server Network is used for both small and large networks.While Peer-to-Peer Network is generally suited for small networks with fewer than 10 computers.
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