Difference between C++ and Objective C
1. C++ :
C++ or CPP is a general-purpose statically typed object-oriented programming language. In 1979, a Danish computer scientist named Bjarne Stroustrup wanted to make an extension to C that would allow it to use classes. This seed has expanded since then and had become one of the most used and well-known language all over the world. It’s built for pretty much everything except the web. Moreover, C++ has features such as namespace, references, templates, implicit method overloading and it is being successfully used by Evernote, LinkedIn, Mathworks, Microsoft, opera, NASA, Facebook etc.
Advantages of C++ :
- C++ has the features like polymorphism, data encapsulation, etc.
- It’s an object-orientated programming language.
- Low-level language while also being easier to learn.
- Has unions and structures
- More portable
- Gives the user full access over the memory
Disadvantages of C++ :
- Control over the memory makes the code prone to errors.
- Memory leakage
- Doesn’t have garbage memory collector
- No support for the built-in thread feature
- In web, it is hard to debug
2. Objective C :
Objective-C is a general purpose, object-oriented programming language which adds syntax and semantics of object-oriented language and it behaves like a superset of C programming language. It also supports cross-platform application, and it was lately influenced by small talk and C programming language. Objective-C is reflective, more focused on classes and was designed by Brad Cox and Tom Love in a company named Stepstone and first appeared in the year 1984. Now being used as a general-purpose object-oriented programming language by Apple in its operating system and APIs.
Advantages of Objective C :
- It’s an approved & well-tested language
- Highly stable
- Provides support for previous version
- Easier integration with Private API’s
- Compatible with C++
Disadvantages of Objective C :
- Harder to learn
- Small community and few developers
- Explicit pointers
Difference between C++ and Objective C :
|C++ is a general purpose, middle level, object-oriented and procedural programming language. It was also known as “C with Classes”. It is an extension of C programming language.||Objective-C is a general purpose, object-oriented programming language which adds syntax and semantics that allows for an object-oriented language and behaves like a superset of C programming language.|
|In 1980, it was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at bell laboratories.||In 1980, it was developed by Brad Cox and Tom Love at company Productivity Products International (PPI).|
|It supports multiple inheritance.||It does not support multiple inheritance.|
|In C++, Structs and classes are treated as same.||In Objective C, Structs and classes are not treated as same.|
|In C++, to call the implemented functionalities, methods are used.||In Objective C, to call the implemented functionalities, messaging are used.|
|It is static typed language.||It is dynamic typed language.|
|It uses true, false and bool.||It uses YES and NO and BOOL.|
|It has Standard Template Library.||It lacks template libraries.|
|Companies using C++ are Evernote, LinkedIn, Opera, Microsoft, NASA, and Facebook etc.||Companies using Objective C are Uber, Pinterest, Instagram, Slack, Instacart etc.|
|It is open source project 2.0||It comes under GPL.|
|It can run on operating systems like Windows, UNIX, Macintosh etc.||It is used by Apple in its operating systems.|
|Calling a method is decided at compile-time.||Calling a method is decided at run-time.|
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