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Difference Between ArrayBlockingQueue and ArrayDeque

  • Last Updated : 20 Nov, 2020
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ArrayBlockingQueue is a class in Java that implements the BlockingQueue interface. ArrayBlockingQueue class and its iterator implement all the optional methods of the Collection and Iterator interfaces. ArrayBlockingQueue is a bounded BlockingQueue backed by an array. Here, bounded means the size of the Queue is finite and fixed. Once created cannot grow or shrink the size of the Queue. If trying to insert an element into a full Queue then it will result in the operation blocking. Similarly, if trying to take an element from an empty Queue, then also the operation will be blocked. ArrayBlockingQueue stores the elements in the Queue internally in the FIFO (first-in-first-out) order. The element at the head or front of the Queue is the oldest element of all the elements present in this queue. The element at the tail of this queue is the newest element of all the elements of this queue. The new elements are always inserted at the end or tail of the queue and the retrieval operations obtain elements at the head of the queue.

ArrayBlockingQueue Implementation:


// Java program to demonstrate ArrayBlockingQueue
import java.util.concurrent.ArrayBlockingQueue;
public class ArrayBlockingQueueDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args)
        // define capacity of ArrayBlockingQueue
        int capacity = 15;
        // create object of ArrayBlockingQueue
        // using ArrayBlockingQueue constructor
        ArrayBlockingQueue<Integer> abq
            = new ArrayBlockingQueue<Integer>(capacity);
        // add numbers
        // print queue
        System.out.println("ArrayBlockingQueue:" + abq);
ArrayBlockingQueue:[1, 2, 3]

ArrayDeque is a class in Java that implements both Queue and Deque. It is dynamically re-sizable from both sides. This is a special kind of array that grows and allows users to add or remove an element from both sides of the queue. It is also known as Array Double Ended Queue or Array Deck.

Few important features of ArrayDeque are as follows:  

  • ArrayDeque has no capacity restrictions, and they grow as necessary to support usage.
  • They are not thread-safe which means that in the absence of external synchronization, ArrayDeque does not support concurrent access by multiple threads.
  • Null elements are prohibited in the ArrayDeque.
  • ArrayDeque class is likely to be faster than Stack when used as a stack.
  • ArrayDeque class is likely to be faster than LinkedList when used as a queue.

ArrayDeque Implementation:


// Java program to demonstrate ArrayDeque
import java.util.*;
public class ArrayDequeDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args)
        // Initializing an deque
        Deque<Integer> de_que = new ArrayDeque<Integer>(10);
        // add numbers
        // print queue
        System.out.println("ArrayDeque:" + de_que);
ArrayDeque:[10, 20, 30]

Difference between ArrayBlockingQueue and ArrayDeque:

S.NO.                          ArrayBlockingQueue                 ArrayDeque

ArrayBlockingQueue implements the BlockingQueue interface.

ArrayDeque implements the Deque interface.


It is a fixed size array queue. Therefore, we cannot grow and shrink the size of an array once we created.

It is a resizable array queue. Therefore, we can grow and shrink the size of the array.


Able to add or remove the elements from only one side of the queue.

Able to add or remove the elements from both sides of the queue.


ArrayBlockingQueue is thread-safe.

ArrayDeque is not thread-safe.


ArrayBlockingQueue class is not faster than the ArrayDeque class.

ArrayDeque class is faster than the ArrayBlockingQueue class.

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