AES and DES are both examples of symmetric block ciphers but have certain dissimilarities.
|AES stands for Advanced Encryption Standard||DES stands for Data Encryption Standard|
|Key length can be of 128-bits, 192-bits and 256-bits.||Key length is 56 bits in DES.|
|Number of rounds depends on key length : 10(128-bits), 12(192-bits) or 14(256-bits)||DES involves 16 rounds of identical operations|
|The structure is based on substitution-permutation network.||The structure is based in feistal network.|
|AES is more secure than the DES cipher and is the de facto world standard.||DES can be broken easily as it has known vulnerabilities. 3DES(Triple DES) is a variation of DES which is secure than the usual DES.|
|The rounds in AES are : Byte Substitution, Shift Row, Mix Column and Key Addition||The rounds in DES are : Expansion, XOR operation with round key, Substitution and Permutation|
|AES can encrypt 128 bits of plaintext.||DES can encrypt 64 bits of plaintext.|
|AES cipher is derived from square cipher.||DES cipher is derived from Lucifer cipher.|
|AES was designed by Vincent Rijmen and Joan Daemen.||DES was designed by IBM.|
|No known crypt-analytical attacks against AES but side channel attacks against AES implementations possible. Biclique attack have better complexity than brute-force but still ineffective.||Known attacks against DES include : Brute-force, Linear crypt-analysis and Differential crypt-analysis.|
- Cryptography | Traditional Symmetric Ciphers
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