Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Difference between Acute and Chronic Diseases

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
  • Last Updated : 16 Jun, 2022
View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article

A disease is an abnormal condition that alters the shape or feature of an organism’s whole or part of its body without being caused by environmental factors. External effects such as infections or internal dysfunctions are examples of external factors that might cause sickness. Internal immune system deficiencies can induce immunodeficiency, hypersensitivity, allergies, and autoimmune illnesses.

We term it an infection even when an uncommon detail begins to have an impact on our bodies. It’s also broken down into subsections:

  • Acute illness is a condition that emerges out of nowhere and lasts only a few days or weeks.
  • A chronic condition develops over months or years and can worsen.

Acute Disease

Acute disease is a short-term ailment that appears suddenly and lasts only a few days. A frequent acute ailment, the common cold can be treated medically or with home remedies. It has the potential to become a chronic illness if left untreated. Any portion of the body could be affected by this sickness. Asthma, for example, begins as an acute ailment and evolves into a chronic condition over time. Strep throat, broken bones, appendicitis, influenza, pneumonia, and other catastrophic ailments are examples of acute infections.

Causes and Symptoms of Acute Disease

A virus or infection is the most common cause of acute disease, although it can also be brought on by a fall or an accident, among other things. It’s also possible that the misuse of drugs or medications is to blame.

Acute sickness has its own set of symptoms because it develops in such a short amount of time. The following are some of the most prevalent signs and symptoms of an acute illness:

  1. Fever, headaches, and a runny nose are all signs of an acute illness like a cold.
  2. A damaged bone sustained in a fall necessitates scientific interest and could heal over time.

Example of Common Acute Disease:

  • Asthma attack
  • Broken bone
  • Bronchitis
  • Burn
  • Common cold
  • Flu
  • Heart attack
  • Pneumonia
  • Respiratory infection
  • Strep throat

Chronic Disease

An illness or ailment that lasts at least three months and has the potential to deteriorate. Chronic diseases are more common in the elderly, and they are usually manageable but not curable. The most common chronic diseases are Elephantiasis, hepatitis C, HIV, arthritis, and diabetes. 

Causes and Symptoms of Chronic Disease

Some of the most common causes of chronic disease include:

  • Unhealthy eating habits
  • Excessive energy consumption
  • No physical activity.
  • Tobacco usage
  • Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption
  • Heredity
  • Glucose and blood pressure readings are higher.

Pain, exhaustion, and mental issues are some of the most prevalent symptoms of chronic disease.

Prevention against Chronic Disease

  1. Tobacco use, drinking, and smoking should all be avoided. This will assist us in avoiding cancer.
  2. Obesity is the most known factor for being a major contributor to a variety of ailments. Diabetes, hypertension, renal, breast, colon, and endometrial cancers are just a few of the ailments that can be avoided by maintaining healthy body weight.
  3. Daily physical activity can help you lose weight and prevent a variety of ailments.
  4. We can protect ourselves by eating a healthy diet.

Difference Between Acute and Chronic Disease


 Acute Disease

Chronic Disease


A sickness or ailment that develops quickly and lasts only a brief time.

A condition or disorder that has persisted for a long time. Furthermore, it has long-term health repercussions.


In comparison to chronic disease, it lasts for a shorter period of time.

It undoubtedly lasts for a longer period of time.


The majority of acute disorders develop out of nowhere.

Chronic diseases develop slowly and gradually.


The majority of acute disorders are contagious in nature. Furthermore, an infectious agent is to blame.

The majority of chronic diseases are non-communicable. Furthermore, there is no link between such a condition and an infectious agent.


Foreign agents are the primary cause of most acute illnesses. Furthermore, incorrect medicine or accidents may be the cause of various acute disorders.

Chronic diseases do not always have a clear cause. Such diseases can, however, be caused by a poor diet or lifestyle.


It has no hazardous or dangerous health impacts.

It is likely to have harmful or negative consequences on the health of a patient.


Acute illness symptoms begin suddenly and progressively worsen in a short period of time.

Chronic disease symptoms may not develop for an extended length of time.


With proper medicine administration, acute disorders can be completely cured.

It’s rare to find a cure for chronic diseases that is 100 percent effective. In most circumstances, drugs will only be beneficial in stopping the disease from progressing.


Examples of acute diseases are bone fracture, typhoid, cholera, jaundice, heart attack, etc.

Examples of chronic diseases are cancer, diabetes, arthritis, tuberculosis

Conceptual  Questions

Question 1: How Can Acute and Chronic Diseases Be Prevented?


Humans can avoid acute and chronic diseases by living a healthy lifestyle in the manner listed below:

  1. Make sure you receive plenty of fruits and vegetables, as well as enough folic acid.
  2. Sugar and sugar-based beverages should be consumed in moderation.
  3. Excessive calorie intake from any source should be avoided.
  4. Consume as little salt as possible.

Question 2: Why are Chronic diseases considered to be more Hazardous than Acute diseases?


Chronic illness is more dangerous than acute illness since it lasts longer. It is considered more dangerous than acute disease since it cannot be prevented by vaccination.

Question 3: Define Acute Disease.


Acute diseases are illnesses that appear out of nowhere and last only a few days. This ailment can be treated through medical treatment or self-treatment. Medical treatment- antibiotics or anti-bacterial can be given to treat it at home. Acute conditions might become chronic if they are not addressed promptly. It can affect any part of the body and should be diagnosed as soon as possible so that the condition can be treated properly. A mild asthma attack could be an example of a minor asthma attack that develops into a chronic illness later on.

Question 4: Define Chronic Disease?


Chronic diseases are illnesses that develop over time and persist in the body for an extended length of time, possibly a lifetime. These illnesses can persist in your body for up to three years. Chronic diseases can be lethal in some cases. They obstruct the body’s normal functioning and cannot be appropriately addressed. Although one can take precautions and work in accordance with them, there is no absolute cure. The symptoms are modest at first, but they can become hazardous later.

Question 5: How do you keep chronic diseases under control?


Chronic disease can be prevented by implementing the following strategies:

  1. Physical activity, a nutritious diet, no smoking, and alcohol intake restraint, among other things.
  2. Some chronic ailments or diseases are inherited, and people can avoid making the same mistakes by avoiding repeating them.
  3. People can avoid these diseases by living a healthy lifestyle and eating healthy food.
  4. People should also have frequent body checks once a year to see how their vitals and organs are doing.
  5. Preparation ahead of time can aid in the early stages of chronic disease.

Question 6: What are some of the differences between acute and chronic diseases?


Acute Disease

Chronic Disease

In this disease, symptoms are visible very early.

These symptoms are not easily visible in their early stage.

They mainly last for a few days, weeks, or months. 

They last for months, years, and in severe cases, it exists for life time.

Vaccines work on these diseases.

The vaccine does not work on these diseases.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!