Difference between Active Testing and Passive Testing

Active Testing:
Active Testing is a type of software testing in which a tester interacts with a software as an end user. Tester assumes that he/she himself/herself is the user of the software and gives the different combinations of the input in order to validate the actual behavior of the software.

Passive Testing:
Passive testing is a type of software testing in which testing team checks the behavior of the software by just observation and monitoring and there is no tester software manual interaction like active testing.

Here are few differences between Active and Passive Testing:

Active Testing Passive Testing
Tester himself/herself interact with the software. No direct interaction of software and tester like active testing.
Issues and defects are detected by tester as some tests are performed. Issues and defects are detected as per observation.
It enhances the software quality in the best manner. It also enhances software quality but not as good as active.
It requires test cases to perform testing process. It doesn’t require test cases to perform testing process.
It involves black box and white box testing methods. It involves the test script.
It checks the software after each iteration. It checks the software only once.
It is basically performed manually. It is performed manually and automated.
It requires hard work by the testers. It doesn’t require the hard work by the testing team.

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