Difference and Similarities between PHP and C
PHP is a server-side scripting language designed specifically for web development. It can be easily embedded in HTML files and HTML codes can also be written in a PHP file. The thing that differentiates PHP from a client-side language like HTML is, PHP codes are executed on the server whereas HTML codes are directly rendered on the browser. C is a procedural programming language. It was initially developed by Dennis Ritchie as a system programming language to write an operating system. The main features of C language include low-level access to memory, a simple set of keywords, and a clean style, these features make C language suitable for system programmings like an operating system or compiler development.
Similarities between PHP and C
|Operators||All types of operators in C behave in a similar way in PHP, such as basic arithmetic, boolean, assignment, and comparison operators.|
|Function prototype||The user defines functions that are named in the same way in both languages.|
|Supported platforms||Windows, MacOS, Linux.|
Differences between PHP and C
|1.||Developed||Developed by the PHP Group, PHP was first made available in 1994.||In 1972, Denis Ritchie developed the computer language C in the Bell Labs at AT&T.|
PHP has only two numerical data types:
Strings are of random length and there is no character data type available in PHP.
|3.||Type Conversion||Data types are not checked during compile-time and data type errors are rare to occur. Values and variables are automatically cast into the suitable data type.||In C variables are declared with data types. While some data types have an implicit conversion, others need to be type-casted. Data type error occurs in C commonly and should be taken care of.|
Superficially they look similar to arrays in C.
|5.||Structure||No structure type is needed because of the array and objects.||Structure type exists in C.|
|6.||Prototypes||There is no prototype in PHP because the function is not required to be declared before its implementation.||There are prototypes in C because the function is required to be declared before its implementation.|
|7.||Permissiveness||PHP is a lot more lenient when compared to C. More than errors there are unexpected results from making new mistakes.||C will give errors if the data type is not declared, the array size is not declared, etc. Comparing it to PHP it is a little stricter.|
|8.||Purpose||It is a server-side language.||It is a procedural programming language.|
|9.||HTML Connectivity||Can be merged with an HTML file.||Cannot be merged with an HTML file.|
|10.||Supported OS||Windows, FreeBSD, Linux, Mac OSX, NetBSD, OpenBSD, and RISC OS||Windows, MacOS, Linux, Embedded systems, and mobile devices|
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