Given an integer a which is the side of a regular decagon, the task is to find and print the length of its diagonal.
Input: a = 5
Input: a = 9
Approach: We know that the sum of interior angles of a polygon = (n – 2) * 180 where, n is the no. of sides in the polygon.
So, sum of interior angles of decagon = 8 * 180 = 1440 and each interior angle will be 144.
Now, we have to find BC = 2 * x. If we draw a perpendicular AO on BC, we will see that the perpendicular bisects BC in BO and OC, as triangles AOB and AOC are congruent to each other.
So, in triangle AOB, sin(72) = x / a i.e. x = 0.951 * a
Therefore, diagonal length will be 2 * x i.e. 1.902 * a.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
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