DFA in LEX code which accepts strings ending with 11
Prerequisite: Designing Finite Automata
Problem: Design a LEX code to construct a DFA which accepts the language: all the strings ending with “11” over inputs ‘0’ and ‘1’.
Input: 100011 Output: Accepted Input: 100101 Output: Not Accepted Input: asdf Output: Invalid
LEX provides us with an INITIAL state by default. So in order to make a DFA, use this as the initial state of the DFA. Now we define three more states A, B and DEAD where DEAD state would be use if encounter a wrong or invalid input. When user input invalid character, move to DEAD state and print message “INVALID” and if input string ends at state B then display a message “Accepted”. If input string ends at state INITIAL and A then display a message “Not Accepted”.
To compile a LEX program, user need a UNIX system and flex which can be installed using sudo apt-get install flex. With all the above specification open UNIX terminal and do the following:
- Use the lex program to change the specification file into a C language program. The resulting program is in the lex.yy.c file.
- Use the cc command with the -ll flag to compile and link the program with a library of lex subroutines. The resulting executable program is in the a.out file.
lex lextest cc lex.yy.c -lfl