Decision Making in Julia (if, if-else, Nested-if, if-elseif-else ladder)
Decision-making statements in programming languages decide the direction of the flow of program execution. A programming language uses control statements to control the flow of execution of a program based on certain conditions. These are used to cause the flow of execution to advance and branch based on changes to the state of a program.
Decision-making statements available in Julia are:
if statement is the most simple decision making statement. It is used to decide whether a certain statement or block of statements will be executed or not i.e if a certain condition is true then a block of statement is executed otherwise not.
if condition # Statements to execute if # condition is true end
Here, conditions after evaluation will be either true or false. if-statement accepts boolean values – if the value is true then it will execute the block of statements below it otherwise not. We can use condition with bracket ‘(‘ ‘)’ also.
Statements written within the if-statement and the end statement are considered as a block and are executed if the condition is satisfied.
In the above code, the condition present in the if-statement is false. So, the block below the if-statement is not executed.
The if statement alone tells us that if a condition is true it will execute a block of statements and if the condition is false it won’t. But what if we want to do something else if the condition is false. Here comes the else statement. We can use the else statement with if statement to execute a block of code when the condition is false.
if (condition) # Executes this block if # condition is true else # Executes this block if # condition is false end
In the above code, the condition given in the if-statement is false. Hence, the block of code written in the else-statement is executed. Afterwards, when the execution of the else block is over, the compiler executes the statement written outside of the If-else statement.
A nested-if is an if-statement that is the target of another if-statement. Nested-if statements means an if-statement written inside another if-statement. Yes, Julia allows us to nest if-statements within if-statements. i.e, we can place an if-statement inside another if-statement and so on multiple if-statements can be used as per the need.
if (condition1) # Executes when condition1 is true if (condition2) # Executes when condition2 is true # if Block ends here end # if Block ends here end
Here, a user can decide among multiple options. The if-statements are executed from the top down. As soon as one of the conditions controlling the if is true, the statement associated with that if is executed, and the rest of the ladder is bypassed. If none of the conditions is true, then the final else statement will be executed.
if (condition) statement elseif (condition) statement . . else statement end