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DateFormatSymbols setShortMonths() Method in Java with Examples

  • Last Updated : 03 Jun, 2019

The setShortMonths(String[] newShMonth) Method of DateFormatSymbols class in Java is used to set the short names of the months of the calendar in string format into some different strings. For eg., “Jan” can be changed to “FEB”, “JUN” can be changed to “GEEK” etc.

Syntax:

public void setShortMonths(String[] newShMonth)

Parameters: The method takes one parameter newShMonth which is an array of String type and refers to the new strings that are to be replaced in the existing Months.

Return Values: The method returns the modified names of the months in a string format.

Below programs illustrate the use of setShortMonths() method.
Example 1:






// Java code to demonstrate setShortMonths()
  
import java.text.DateFormatSymbols;
import java.util.Locale;
  
public class DateFormat_Main {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Initialising DateFormatSymbols object
        DateFormatSymbols format
            = new DateFormatSymbols(
                new Locale("en", "US"));
  
        // Taking the default short weekdays
        String[] Days = format.getShortMonths();
  
        // Displaying the original
        System.out.println("Original: ");
  
        for (int i = 0; i < Days.length; i++) {
            System.out.println(Days[i] + "  ");
        }
  
        // Taking an alternative names with
        // additional random strings
        String[] modDays = { "GEEK", "FOR",
                             "GEEK", "DEC",
                             "NOV", "JAN",
                             "FEB" };
  
        // Setting the default into modified
        format.setShortMonths(modDays);
  
        // Displaying the modified string
        String[] modifiedDays
            = format.getShortMonths();
  
        System.out.println("Modified: ");
        for (int i = 0; i < modifiedDays.length; i++) {
            System.out.println(modifiedDays[i] + "  ");
        }
    }
}
Output:
Original: 
Jan  
Feb  
Mar  
Apr  
May  
Jun  
Jul  
Aug  
Sep  
Oct  
Nov  
Dec  
  
Modified: 
GEEK  
FOR  
GEEK  
DEC  
NOV  
JAN  
FEB

Example 2:




// Java code to demonstrate setShortMonths()
  
import java.text.DateFormatSymbols;
import java.util.Locale;
  
public class DateFormat_Main {
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // Initialising DateFormatSymbols object
        DateFormatSymbols format
            = new DateFormatSymbols(
                new Locale("en", "US"));
  
        // Taking the default short weekdays
        String[] Days = format.getShortMonths();
  
        // Displaying the original
        System.out.println("Original: ");
        for (int i = 0; i < Days.length; i++) {
            System.out.println(Days[i] + "  ");
        }
  
        // Taking an alternative names with
        // additional random strings
        String[] modDays = { "123", "456",
                             "JAN", "FEB",
                             "NOV", "Dec",
                             "May" };
  
        // Setting the default into modified
        format.setShortMonths(modDays);
  
        // Displaying the modified string
        String[] modifiedDays
            = format.getShortMonths();
  
        System.out.println("Modified: ");
        for (int i = 0; i < modifiedDays.length; i++) {
            System.out.println(modifiedDays[i] + "  ");
        }
    }
}
Output:
Original: 
Jan  
Feb  
Mar  
Apr  
May  
Jun  
Jul  
Aug  
Sep  
Oct  
Nov  
Dec  
  
Modified: 
123  
456  
JAN  
FEB  
NOV  
Dec  
May

Reference: https://docs.oracle.com/javase/8/docs/api/java/text/DateFormatSymbols.html#setShortMonths-java.lang.String:A-

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