Database Management System | Aggregate functions in SQL

In database management an aggregate function is a function where the values of multiple rows are grouped together as input on certain criteria to form a single value of more significant meaning.

 

Various Aggregate Functions

1) Count()
2) Sum()
3) Avg()
4) Min()
5) Max()

 

Now let us understand each Aggregate function with a example:



Id     Name     Salary
-----------------------
1       A        80
2       B        40
3       C        60
4       D        70
5       E        60
6       F        Null

 

Count():

 

Count(*): Returns total number of records .i.e 6.
Count(salary): Return number of Non Null values over the column salary. i.e 5.
Count(Distinct Salary):  Return number of distinct Non Null values over the column salary .i.e 4

 

Sum():

 

sum(salary):  Sum all Non Null values of Column salary i.e., 310
sum(Distinct salary): Sum of all distinct Non-Null values i.e., 250.

 

Avg():



 

Avg(salary) = Sum(salary) / count(salary) = 310/5
Avg(Distinct salary) = sum(Distinct salary) / Count(Distinct Salary) = 250/4

 

Min():

 

Min(salary): Minimum value in the salary column except NULL i.e., 40.
Max(salary): Maximum value in the salary i.e., 80.

 

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