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D3.js curveStepBefore() method

  • Last Updated : 14 Sep, 2020

The step curve interpolator creates vertical and horizontal lines representing a step function. A vertical line is created for each pair of points in the dataset. For each pair of points, the vertical line is positioned at the x coordinate of the first point.

Syntax:

d3.curveStepBefore()

Parameters: This method takes no parameters

Return Value: This method returns nothing.

Example 1: 



HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<head>
  <title>d3.curveStepBefore()</title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1 style="text-align: center; color: green;">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
  <center>
    <svg id="gfg" width="200" height="200"></svg>
</center>
  <script>
var data = [
  {x: 0, y: 0},
  {x: 1, y: 3},
  {x: 2, y: 15},
  {x: 5, y: 15},
  {x: 6, y: 1},
  {x: 7, y: 5},
  {x: 8, y: 1}];
 
var xScale = d3.scaleLinear().domain([0, 8]).range([25, 175]);
var yScale = d3.scaleLinear().domain([0,20]).range([175, 25]);
 
var line = d3.line()
  .x((d) => xScale(d.x))
  .y((d) => yScale(d.y))
  // curveStepBefore is used
  .curve(d3.curveStepBefore);
 
d3.select("#gfg")
  .append("path")
  .attr("d", line(data))
  .attr("fill", "none")
  .attr("stroke", "green");
 
// Defining points
d3.select('#gfg')
  .selectAll('circle')
  .data(data)
  .enter()
  .append('circle')
  .attr('cx', (d) => xScale(d.x))
  .attr('cy', (d) => yScale(d.y))
  .attr('r', 3);
 
</script>
</body>
</html>

Output:

Example 2:

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<head>
  <title>d3.curveStepBefore()</title>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1 style="text-align: center; color: green;">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
  <center>
    <svg id="gfg" width="200" height="200"></svg>
</center>
  <script>
var points = [
  {xpoint: 25,  ypoint: 150},
  {xpoint: 75,  ypoint: 85},
  {xpoint: 100, ypoint: 115},
  {xpoint: 175, ypoint: 25}];
 
var Gen = d3.line()
  .x((p) => p.xpoint)
  .y((p) => p.ypoint)
  .curve(d3.curveStepBefore);
 
d3.select("#gfg")
  .append("path")
  .attr("d", Gen(points))
  .attr("fill", "none")
  .attr("stroke", "green");
// Defining points
d3.select('#gfg')
  .selectAll('circle')
  .data(points)
  .enter()
  .append('circle')
  .attr('cx', (d) => (d.xpoint))
  .attr('cy', (d) => (d.ypoint))
  .attr('r', 3);
</script>
</body>
</html>

Output:

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