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Custom Chips using Jetpack Compose in Android

  • Last Updated : 21 Nov, 2021

Chips in android are one of the components which are used to make the choice filters, actions, and display the selectable options in the compact area of the Android Window. In this article, we will use Android’s Jetpack Compose to create those chips. A sample image is given below to give an idea of what we are going to build. Note that we are going to implement this project using the Kotlin language. 

Custom Chips using Jetpack Compose in Android

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Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project

To create a new project in the Android Studio Canary Version please refer to How to Create a new Project in Android Studio Canary Version with Jetpack Compose.



Step 2: Working with the MainActivity.kt file

Navigate to the app > java > your app’s package name and open the MainActivity.kt file. Inside that file add the below code to it. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.

Kotlin




import android.os.Bundle
import androidx.activity.ComponentActivity
import androidx.activity.compose.setContent
import androidx.compose.foundation.BorderStroke
import androidx.compose.foundation.Image
import androidx.compose.foundation.layout.*
import androidx.compose.foundation.shape.CircleShape
import androidx.compose.foundation.shape.RoundedCornerShape
import androidx.compose.material.Button
import androidx.compose.material.MaterialTheme
import androidx.compose.material.MaterialTheme.typography
import androidx.compose.material.Surface
import androidx.compose.material.Text
import androidx.compose.runtime.Composable
import androidx.compose.ui.Modifier
import androidx.compose.ui.draw.clip
import androidx.compose.ui.graphics.Color
import androidx.compose.ui.res.painterResource
import androidx.compose.ui.text.style.TextAlign
import androidx.compose.ui.tooling.preview.Preview
import androidx.compose.ui.unit.dp
import com.example.jetpackcomposepractice.ui.theme.JetpackComposePracticeTheme
 
class MainActivity : ComponentActivity() {
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContent {
            JetpackComposePracticeTheme {
                // A surface container using
                  // the 'background' color from the theme
                Surface(color = Color.White) {
                    Column(modifier = Modifier.padding(10.dp)) {
                        // call the function which
                          // contains all the chips
                        Chips()
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
 
// Function for Custom Chip
// Later we will reuse it to
// create chips wherever needed
// selected : Boolean - to Check
// whether it is checked or not
// text - To show the data
@Composable
fun CustomChip(
    selected: Boolean,
    text: String,
    modifier: Modifier = Modifier
) {
    // define properties to the chip
    // such as color, shape, width
    Surface(
        color = when {
            selected -> MaterialTheme.colors.onSurface
            else -> Color.Transparent
        },
        contentColor = when {
            selected -> MaterialTheme.colors.onPrimary
            else -> Color.LightGray
        },
        shape = CircleShape,
        border = BorderStroke(
            width = 1.dp,
            color = when {
                selected -> MaterialTheme.colors.primary
                else -> Color.LightGray
            }
        ),
        modifier = modifier
    ) {
        // Add text to show the data that we passed
        Text(
            text = text,
            textAlign = TextAlign.Center,
            style = MaterialTheme.typography.body2,
            modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp)
        )
 
    }
}
 
// Function to create a Custom Image Chip with text
// text - For showing data on the chip
// imageId - For showing the image that we want to use
// selected : Boolean - to check if it is selected or not
@Composable
private fun CustomImageChip(
    text: String,
    imageId: Int,
    selected: Boolean,
    modifier: Modifier = Modifier
) {
    // define properties to the chip
    // such as color, shape, width
    Surface(
        color = when {
            selected -> MaterialTheme.colors.primary
            else -> Color.Transparent
        },
        contentColor = when {
            selected -> MaterialTheme.colors.onPrimary
            else -> Color.LightGray
        },
        shape = RoundedCornerShape(16.dp),
        border = BorderStroke(
            width = 1.dp,
            color = when {
                selected -> MaterialTheme.colors.primary
                else -> Color.LightGray
            }
        ),
        modifier = modifier
    ) {
        // Inside a Row pack the Image and text together to
        // show inside the chip
        Row(modifier = Modifier) {
            Image(
                painter = painterResource(imageId),
                contentDescription = null,
                modifier = Modifier
                    .padding(8.dp)
                    .size(20.dp)
                    .clip(CircleShape)
            )
            Text(
                text = text,
                style = typography.body2,
                modifier = Modifier.padding(end = 8.dp, top = 8.dp, bottom = 8.dp)
            )
        }
    }
}
 
@Preview
@Composable
fun Chips() {
    Text(text = "Custom Chips", style = typography.h6, modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
    SubtitleText(subtitle = "Custom chips with surface")
    // Call the functions that we defined
      // above and pass the actual data
    Column {
        Row(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp)) {
            // creates a custom chip for active state
            CustomChip(
                selected = true,
                text = "Chip",
                modifier = Modifier.padding(horizontal = 8.dp)
            )
            // Creates a custom chip for inactive state
            CustomChip(
                selected = false,
                text = "Inactive",
                modifier = Modifier.padding(horizontal = 8.dp)
            )
            // Create a custom image chip whose state is active
            CustomImageChip(
                text = "custom",
                imageId = R.drawable.gfg_logo,
                selected = true
            )
            Spacer(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp))
            // Create a custom image chip whose state is inactive
            CustomImageChip(
                text = "custom2",
                imageId = R.drawable.gfg_logo,
                selected = false
            )
        }
        SubtitleText(subtitle = "Buttons with circle clipping.")
        // We can also use a circular shape button as a chip
        Row(modifier = Modifier.padding(8.dp)) {
            // Creates an active state chip using button
            Button(
                onClick = {},
                modifier = Modifier
                    .padding(8.dp)
                    .clip(CircleShape)
            ) {
                Text(text = "Chip button")
            }
            // Creates an inactive state chip using button
            Button(
                onClick = {},
                enabled = false,
                modifier = Modifier
                    .padding(8.dp)
                    .clip(CircleShape)
            ) {
                Text(text = "Disabled chip")
            }
        }
    }
}
 
// Function to show a text message
@Composable
fun SubtitleText(subtitle: String, modifier: Modifier = Modifier) {
    Text(text = subtitle, style = typography.subtitle2, modifier = modifier.padding(8.dp))
}

 

 

Output:

 

 




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