# Custom Building Cryptography Algorithms (Hybrid Cryptography)

Cryptography can be defined as an art of encoding and decoding the patterns (in the form of messages).

Cryptography is a very straightforward concept which deals with manipulating the strings (or text) to make them unreadable for the intermediate person. It has a very effective way to **encrypt or decrypts ** the text coming from the other parties. Some of the examples are, Caesar Cipher, Viginere Cipher, Columner Cipher, DES, AES and the list continues. To develop custom cryptography algorithm, hybrid encryption algorithms can be used.

**Hybrid Encryption is a concept in cryptography which combines/merge one/two cryptography algorithms to generate more effective encrypted text.**

Example:

**FibBil Cryptography Algorithm**

*Problem Statement:*

Program to generate an encrypted text, by computing Fibonacci Series, adding the terms of Fibonacci Series with each plaintext letter, until the length of the key.

*Algorithm:*

**For Encryption:** Take an input plain text and key from the user, reverse the plain text and concatenate the plain text with the key, Copy the string into an array. After copying, separate the array elements into two parts, EvenArray, and OddArray in which even index of an array will be placed in EvenArray and same for OddArray. Start generating the Fibonacci Series F(i) up-to-the length of the key_{j} such that ** c=i+j** where c is cipher text with mod 26. Append all the c^{th} elements in a CipherString and, so Encryption Done!. When sum up concept is use, it highlights of implementing Caesar Cipher.

**For Decryption:** Vice Versa of the Encryption Algorithm

*Example for the Algorithm:*

Input:hello

Key:abcd

Output:riobkxezg

Reverse the input, olleh, append this with the key i.e. ollehabcd.

EvenString: leac

OddString: olhbdAs key length is 4, 4 times loop will be generated including FibNum 0, which is ignored.

For EvenArray Ciphers:

FibNum: 1

In Even Array for l and FibNum 1 cip is k

In Even Array for e and FibNum 1 cip is d

In Even Array for a and FibNum 1 cip is z

In Even Array for c and FibNum 1 cip is b

FibNum: 2

In Even Array for l and FibNum 2 cip is j

In Even Array for e and FibNum 2 cip is c

In Even Array for a and FibNum 2 cip is y

In Even Array for c and FibNum 2 cip is a

FibNum: 3(Final Computed letters)

In Even Array for l and FibNum 3 cip is i

In Even Array for e and FibNum 3 cip is b

In Even Array for a and FibNum 3 cip is x

In Even Array for c and FibNum 3 cip is z

For OddArray Ciphers

FibNum:1

In Odd Array for o and FibNum 1 cip is p

In Odd Array for l and FibNum 1 cip is m

In Odd Array for h and FibNum 1 cip is i

In Odd Array for b and FibNum 1 cip is c

In Odd Array for d and FibNum 1 cip is e

FibNum:2

In Odd Array for o and FibNum 2 cip is q

In Odd Array for l and FibNum 2 cip is n

In Odd Array for h and FibNum 2 cip is j

In Odd Array for b and FibNum 2 cip is d

In Odd Array for d and FibNum 2 cip is f

FibNum:3 (Final Computed letters)

In Odd Array for o and FibNum 3 cip is r

In Odd Array for l and FibNum 3 cip is o

In Odd Array for h and FibNum 3 cip is k

In Odd Array for b and FibNum 3 cip is e

In Odd Array for d and FibNum 3 cip is gArrange EvenArrayCiphers and OddArrayCiphers in their index order, so final String Cipher will be,

riobkxezg

*Program:*

`import` `java.util.*; ` `import` `java.lang.*; ` ` ` `class` `GFG { ` ` ` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `String pass = ` `"hello"` `; ` ` ` `String key = ` `"abcd"` `; ` ` ` `System.out.println(encryptText(pass, key)); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `public` `static` `String encryptText(String password, String key) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `a = ` `0` `, b = ` `1` `, c = ` `0` `, m = ` `0` `, k = ` `0` `, j = ` `0` `; ` ` ` `String cipher = ` `""` `, temp = ` `""` `; ` ` ` ` ` `// Declare a password string ` ` ` `StringBuffer pw = ` `new` `StringBuffer(password); ` ` ` ` ` `// Reverse the String ` ` ` `pw = pw.reverse(); ` ` ` `pw = pw.append(key); ` ` ` ` ` `// For future Purpose ` ` ` `temp = pw.toString(); ` ` ` `char` `stringArray[] = temp.toCharArray(); ` ` ` `String evenString = ` `""` `, oddString = ` `""` `; ` ` ` ` ` `// Declare EvenArray for storing ` ` ` `// even index of stringArray ` ` ` `char` `evenArray[]; ` ` ` ` ` `// Declare OddArray for storing ` ` ` `// odd index of stringArray ` ` ` `char` `oddArray[]; ` ` ` ` ` `// Storing the positions in their respective arrays ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `0` `; i < stringArray.length; i++) { ` ` ` `if` `(i % ` `2` `== ` `0` `) { ` ` ` `oddString = oddString + Character.toString(stringArray[i]); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `else` `{ ` ` ` `evenString = evenString + Character.toString(stringArray[i]); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `evenArray = ` `new` `char` `[evenString.length()]; ` ` ` `oddArray = ` `new` `char` `[oddString.length()]; ` ` ` ` ` `// Generate a Fibonacci Series ` ` ` `// Upto the Key Length ` ` ` `while` `(m <= key.length()) { ` ` ` `// As it always starts with 1 ` ` ` `if` `(m == ` `0` `) ` ` ` `m = ` `1` `; ` ` ` ` ` `else` `{ ` ` ` ` ` `// Logic For Fibonacci Series ` ` ` `a = b; ` ` ` `b = c; ` ` ` `c = a + b; ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `0` `; i < evenString.length(); i++) { ` ` ` `// Caesar Cipher Algorithm Start for even positions ` ` ` `int` `p = evenString.charAt(i); ` ` ` `int` `cip = ` `0` `; ` ` ` `if` `(p == ` `'0'` `|| p == ` `'1'` `|| p == ` `'2'` `|| p == ` `'3'` `|| p == ` `'4'` ` ` `|| p == ` `'5'` `|| p == ` `'6'` ` ` `|| p == ` `'7'` `|| p == ` `'8'` `|| p == ` `'9'` `) { ` ` ` `cip = p - c; ` ` ` `if` `(cip < ` `'0'` `) ` ` ` `cip = cip + ` `9` `; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `else` `{ ` ` ` `cip = p - c; ` ` ` `if` `(cip < ` `'a'` `) { ` ` ` `cip = cip + ` `26` `; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `evenArray[i] = (` `char` `)cip; ` ` ` `/* Caesar Cipher Algorithm End*/` ` ` `} ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `0` `; i < oddString.length(); i++) { ` ` ` `// Caesar Cipher Algorithm Start for odd positions ` ` ` `int` `p = oddString.charAt(i); ` ` ` `int` `cip = ` `0` `; ` ` ` `if` `(p == ` `'0'` `|| p == ` `'1'` `|| p == ` `'2'` `|| p == ` `'3'` `|| p == ` `'4'` ` ` `|| p == ` `'5'` `|| p == ` `'6'` ` ` `|| p == ` `'7'` `|| p == ` `'8'` `|| p == ` `'9'` `) { ` ` ` `cip = p + c; ` ` ` `if` `(cip > ` `'9'` `) ` ` ` `cip = cip - ` `9` `; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `else` `{ ` ` ` `cip = p + c; ` ` ` `if` `(cip > ` `'z'` `) { ` ` ` `cip = cip - ` `26` `; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `oddArray[i] = (` `char` `)cip; ` ` ` `// Caesar Cipher Algorithm End ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `m++; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `// Storing content of even and ` ` ` `// odd array to the string array ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `0` `; i < stringArray.length; i++) { ` ` ` `if` `(i % ` `2` `== ` `0` `) { ` ` ` `stringArray[i] = oddArray[k]; ` ` ` `k++; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `else` `{ ` ` ` `stringArray[i] = evenArray[j]; ` ` ` `j++; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `// Generating a Cipher Text ` ` ` `// by stringArray (Caesar Cipher) ` ` ` `for` `(` `char` `d : stringArray) { ` ` ` `cipher = cipher + d; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `// Return the Cipher Text ` ` ` `return` `cipher; ` ` ` `} ` `} ` |

*chevron_right*

*filter_none*

**Output:**

riobkxezg

*Conclusion:*

Hybrid Algorithms for the cryptography are effective and so, it is not very easy to detect the pattern and decode the message. Here, the algorithm is a combination of mathematical function and Caesar Cipher, so as to implement Hybrid Cryptography Algorithm.