Custom ArrayList in Java

Prerequisite – ArrayList in Java
ArrayList in Java (equivalent to vector in C++) having dynamic size. It can be shrinked or expanded based on size. ArrayList is a part of collection framework and is present in java.util package.
An ArrayList:

ArrayList <E> list = new ArrayList <> ();

E here represents an object datatype e.g. Integer. The Integer class wraps a value of the primitive type int in an object. An object of type Integer contains a single field whose type is int.
More about Integer Object: here
list
Custom ArrayList: A custom arraylist has attributes based on user requirements and can have more than one type of data. This data is provided by a custom inner class which is formed by combination of various primitive object datatypes.

Consider a case when we have to take input as N number of students and details are:
roll number, name, marks, phone number
A normal method using object arraylist would be:

   // define 4 ArrayLists and save data accordingly in
   // each of them.
    
   // roll number arraylist
   ArrayList<Integer> roll = new ArrayList<>(); 

   // name arraylist
   ArrayList<String> name = new ArrayList<>();

   // marks arraylist
   ArrayList<Integer> marks = new ArrayList<>();

   // phone number arraylist
   ArrayList<Long> phone = new ArrayList<>();

   // and for n students
   for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
   {
     // add all the values to each arraylist 
     // each arraylist has primitive datatypes
     roll.add(rollnum_i);
     name.add(name_i);
     marks.add(marks_i);
     phone.add(phone_i);
  }

Now using a custom Arraylist:
The custom ArrayList simply supports multiple data in the way as shown in this image.
custom
To construct Custom ArrayList

  • Build an ArrayList Object and place its type as a Class Data.
  • Define a class and put the required entities in the constructor.
  • Link those entities to global variables.
  • Data received from the ArrayList is of that class type which stores multiple data.
// Java program to illustrate customArraylist in Java
import java.util.ArrayList;
  
class CustomArrayList
{
    // custom class which has data type
    // class has defined the type of data ArrayList
    // size of input 4
    int n=4;
  
    // the custom datatype class
    class Data
    {
        // global variables of the class
        int roll;
        String name;
        int marks;
        long phone;
  
        // constructor has type of data that is required
        Data(int roll, String name, int marks, long phone)
        {
            // initialize the input variable from main
            // function to the global variable of the class
            this.roll = roll;
            this.name = name;
            this.marks = marks;
            this.phone = phone;
        }
    }
  
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        // suppose the custom input data
        int roll[] = {1, 2, 3, 4};
        String name[] = {"Shubham", "Atul", "Ayush", "Rupesh"};
        int marks[] = {100, 99, 93, 94};
        long phone[] = {8762357381L, 8762357382L, 8762357383L,
                        8762357384L
                       };
  
        // Create an object of the class
        CustomArrayList custom = new CustomArrayList();
  
        // and call the function to add the values to the arraylist
        custom.addValues(roll, name, marks, phone);
    }
  
    public void addValues(int roll[], String name[], int marks[],
                          long phone[])
    {
        // local custom arraylist of data type
        // Data having (int, String, int, long) type
        // from the class
        ArrayList<Data> list=new ArrayList<>();
  
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            // create an object and send values to the
            // constructor to be saved in the Data class
            list.add(new Data(roll[i], name[i], marks[i],
                                              phone[i]));
        }
  
        // after adding values printing the values to test
        // the custom arraylist
        printValues(list);
    }
  
    public void printValues(ArrayList<Data> list)
    {
        // list- the custom arraylist is sent from
        // previous function
  
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            // the data received from arraylist is of Data type
            // which is custom (int, String, int, long)
            // based on class Data
  
            Data data = list.get(i);
  
            // data variable of type Data has four primitive datatypes
            // roll -int
            // name- String
            // marks- int
            // phone- long
            System.out.println(data.roll+" "+data.name+" "
                               +data.marks+" "+data.phone);
        }
    }
}

Output:



1 Shubham 100 8762357381
2 Atul 99 8762357382
3 Ayush 93 8762357383
4 Rupesh 94 8762357384


References:

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